September 18, 2012:
Chapter 1 Introduction :
A lot of poor people live in third world countries like Asia, Africa, and Latin America.
o The living standards were below that of the industrialized countries.
o Lack of clothing, nutrition, and shelter
o More prone to disease
o They are insecure
Third world countries undergo rapid and sometimes chaotic social change populations are
growing and becoming more urbanized
Modern technology has go to the third world and transformed production
Education at all levels are spreading
Lives of third world people are changing, but not improving for the majority. Changing means,
that countries and regions have progressed with economic conditions, and human and politics
rights are respected.
o Example East Asia
Third world people are really poor and the promises for social changes were never kept
o The dreams of indthendence, comfortable life, security, and human rights were
betrayed in the 20 century
o In Europe and North America, expectations were infinite because of the results of the
industrial revolution brought comfort and opulence to ordinary people.
o Russian revolution in the second decade, promised to overthrow oppression and create
new society in which the human personality would be free to flourish.
o John. F. Kennedy brought to the Western world a sense of limitlessness, and a
generation of young people committed to themselves to remaking their societies.
o Science and technology developed and created hope of prosperity for the entire world.
WHAT MARKED THESE MOMENTS WAS A SENSE OF FREEDOM, THE COLLAPSE
OF THE PAST’S BOUNDARIES.
o Even though all of this was promised, the world wars during that era caused more harm
than improvements. Science wisdom went overboard and caused harm (nuclear
This was the betrayal of the promise of progress.
The victory of poverty in the 20 century was brought by Europe, North America, New Zealand,
Australia, and Japan, who reduced poverty considerably in their societies. The people were able
to live comfortably with good health and security, and were also able to afford some luxuries.
o Even with this, majority of the third world countries remained poor.
Promises that once been made have not been fulfilled in much of the world. 2 major promises
have been violated.
o Made by the leaders of the nationa