Textbook Notes (280,000)
CA (170,000)
UTSC (20,000)
Psychology (10,000)
PSYA01H3 (1,000)
Chapter 1

PSYA01H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Health Psychology, Wilhelm Wundt, Bundesautobahn 59


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYA01H3
Professor
Steve Joordens
Chapter
1

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 31 pages of the document.
Exam
Name___________________________________
MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.
1)
In Descartes's view, animals were nothing more than
A)
mechanical devices.
B)
creations of God to be used to satisfy humankind's needs and pleasures.
C)
D)
creatures controlled by animism.
E)
dualistic entities that serve few, if any, useful functions.
1)
2)
According to Descartes, the movements of the body are caused by
A)
spirits within the mind that travel through the nervous system.
B)
the flow of fluid from the brain to the nerves that then cause the muscles to contract.
C)
electrical flow through the nerves to the muscles.
D)
stimulation of the pineal body to release specific chemicals that then travel to the appropriate
set of muscles.
E)
specific commands from the brain that cause specific muscles to move.
2)
3)
According to Descartes, humans consist of __________,which is consistent with his __________
perspective.
A)
mind and matter; dualist
B)
senses; empiricist
C)
mind; rationalist
D)
mind; reflexive
E)
matter; materialist
3)
4)
Mill differed from Descartes because he suggested __________ whereas Descartes suggested
__________.
A)
fluid from the brain creates action; human will creates action
B)
the body controls the mind; the mind controls the body
C)
truth can be discovered through reason; truth can be discovered through observation
D)
the mind is composed of matter; only the body is composed of matter
E)
the mind is observable; the mind is not observable
4)
1

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

5)
One important implication of the doctrine of specific nerve energies was that
A)
the mind is made of nerves.
B)
electrical stimulation of the brain could produce lasting damage.
C)
nerves communicate unidirectionally from the brain to different parts of the body.
D)
all nerves ultimately lead to the brain.
E)
different parts of the brain may have different functions.
5)
6)
To ensure objectivity psychology depends on
A)
the mathematical model.
B)
the scientific method.
C)
logic.
D)
historical precedent.
6)
7)
Helmholtz abandoned his attempt to measure the speed of a person's reaction to physical stimuli
because
A)
the Church objected to the study of the human mind.
B)
the testing procedure raised ethical issues.
C)
self reports proved more reliable.
D)
there was too much individual variability.
7)
8)
The text defines psychology as the
A)
study of the mind.
B)
science of behavior.
C)
study of behavior, cognition, and emotion.
D)
study of the psyche.
E)
study of the brain.
8)
9)
The psychologist most closely associated with the rise of functionalism was
A)
Watson.
B)
James.
C)
Baldwin.
D)
Freud.
E)
Wundt.
9)
10)
__________ argued that the mind is like a "cleaned slate" at birth and subsequently is written upon
by experience.
A)
Mill
B)
Berkeley
C)
Descartes
D)
James
E)
Locke
10)
11)
The first step in explaining behavior involves __________ it.
A)
discovering
B)
demonstrating
C)
describing
D)
debating
E)
discussing
11)
2

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

12)
The ultimate goal of psychology is to
A)
solve the problems of humankind.
B)
understand human behavior.
C)
control behavior.
D)
discover how the brain controls behavior.
E)
explore the human psyche.
12)
13)
Psychology as a science began in __________ in the __________.
A)
Canada; late nineteenth century
B)
Germany; late nineteenth century
C)
England; early twentieth century
D)
the United States; early nineteenth century
E)
France; middle nineteenth century
13)
14)
According to Descartes, to understand the world, one must use observation and reason in order to
A)
reconcile human experience with God's revelations.
B)
understand how it is constructed.
C)
discover its spiritual nature.
D)
identify the levels of the world's reality.
E)
explore the unconscious processes that are part of the world.
14)
15)
In solving problems, community psychologists focus on changing __________ whereas clinical
psychologists focus on changing __________.
A)
the organization; the environment
B)
the individual; the organization
C)
the social system; the individual
D)
the environment; the organization
E)
attitudes; health
15)
16)
__________ psychologists are involved in the design of more efficient and safer machines.
A)
Forensic
B)
Organizational
C)
Engineering
D)
Health
E)
Consumer
16)
3
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version