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Chapter 3

Chapter 3 M/C (with answers).pdf


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYA01H3
Professor
Steve Joordens
Chapter
3

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Exam
Name___________________________________
MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.
1)
Huntington's chorea is
A)
associated with mania as well as with violent and aggressive behaviors.
B)
associated with excessive genetic material in chromosome 21.
C)
D)
caused by the inability to produce the proper balance of amino acids.
E)
usually first expressed when the affected person is between 30 and 40 years of age.
1)
2)
Which of the following statements regarding lethal genes is TRUE?
A)
Dominant lethal genes most often express themselves in spontaneous abortions and stillborn
babies.
B)
Recessive lethal genes are only expressed when paired with a dominant lethal gene.
C)
Only a very few lethal genetic disorders are caused by recessive lethal genes.
D)
Lethal genes are usually dominant genes.
E)
On average, people carry 6
-
8 lethal genes.
2)
3)
One technique of the fast
-
growing scientific discipline of __________ is to insert nucleotides that
prevent the expression of a gene.
A)
heredity science
B)
sociobiology
C)
evolutionary psychology
D)
molecular genetics
E)
allelology
3)
4)
You are studying the structure of genes, how they are transmitted from one generation to another,
and how they operate in the population,. The area of study is known as
A)
the genome.
B)
genetics.
C)
genealogy.
D)
heredity.
E)
natural evolution.
4)
1

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5)
The reproductive strategy in which parental investment is shared, but not always equal, is
A)
monogamy.
B)
polyandry.
C)
polygynandry.
D)
polygyny.
E)
parental involvement is shared in all reproductive strategies.
5)
6)
An argument against the claim that sociobiology undermines human worth is that sociobiology is
actually selfless since
A)
it focuses on groups, not individuals.
B)
it depends heavily on selectionism.
C)
most of its research has been with animals, rather than humans.
D)
altruism is hereditary.
E)
it focuses on genes, not individuals.
6)
7)
The term used to describe the situation in which animals of the same species vie against one
another for access food, mates, and territory is
A)
competition
B)
"survival of the fittest."
C)
natural selection
D)
intraspecies rivalry
E)
variation.
7)
8)
The defining characteristic of hominids evident in fossils dating to about 3.5 million years ago is
A)
protruding foreheads.
B)
bipedalism.
C)
large hands.
D)
large jaws.
E)
sociality.
8)
9)
The totality of the genetic material in a species is known as its
A)
genome.
B)
phenotype.
C)
genotype.
D)
alleles.
E)
autosomes.
9)
2

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10)
The study of the genetic bases of social behavior is called
A)
biosociology.
B)
ethology.
C)
sociobiology.
D)
biopsychology.
E)
sociogenetics.
10)
11)
Dr. Hamedi is a __________ psychologist and is part of a new subfield within psychology that
studies the ways in which the development of behavioral patterns and cognitive strategies over the
neutral history of a species is related to reproduction and survival.
A)
physiological
B)
genetic
C)
cognitive
D)
evolutionary
E)
developmental
11)
12)
Critics assert that sociobiologists overemphasize the
A)
effect of cultural practices on behavior.
B)
importance of atypical behavior such as acts of altruism.
C)
relevance of research with non
-
human animals.
D)
role of environmental factors.
12)
13)
The need to see far across savannah grasslands and to carry young in the arms may explain the
evolution of
A)
bipedalism.
B)
tool use.
C)
division of labor.
D)
language
E)
sociality.
13)
14)
The synthesis of protein molecules that regulate the biological and physical development of the
body and its organs is directed by
A)
chromosomes 1 through 9.
B)
meiotic synthesis of enzymes.
C)
hormones produced by different DNA combinations.
D)
genotypes and phenotypes.
E)
different sequences of adenine, thymine, guanine, and cytosine.
14)
3
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