Textbook Notes (280,000)
CA (160,000)
UTSC (20,000)
Psychology (10,000)
PSYA01H3 (1,000)
Chapter 6.3

PSYA01H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 6.3: Edward C. Tolman, Latent Learning, Observational Learning


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYA01H3
Professor
Steve Joordens
Chapter
6.3

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 16 pages of the document.
Cognitive and Observational Learning
Chimp Vs Human
Who do you think would be the best at learning a new skill just by watching someon
else perform it?
The children and chimps both figured out how to open it, but the children imitated all the
steps (even the unnecessary ones) while the chimps skipped the useless steps and went
straight for the treat
Both share a motivation to imitate -> which is a complex cognitive ability and one of
keys to learning new skills.
Focus Questions
1)
What role do cognitive factors play in learning?
2)
Which processes are required for imitation to occur?
Cognitive Perspectives on Learning
Cognitive psychologist's work has complemented behaviorism by integrating cognitive
accounts into even the seemingly simplest of learned behaviors
Eg. Classical and operant conditioning
Latent Learning
Learning, and reinforcement for learning, may not be expressed until there is an opportun
to do so
learning may be occurring even if there is no behavioral evidence of it taking place
Edward Tolman -> proposed that humans and even rats, express latent learning
Latent learning: learning that is not immediately expressed by a response until the
organism is reinforced for doing so
Eg. Rats running a maze
First group -> give 10 trials to obtain food if they navigated the correct route throug
the maze
Second group -> allowed to explore the maze, but did not have food available at the
other end until the 11th trial
Third group (control) -> never received food while in the maze
Chapter 6.3
Thursday, October 17, 2019
10:50 PM

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Third group (control) -> never received food while in the maze
Discovered that rats that were finally rewarded on the 11th trial quickly performed as wel
the rats that were rewarded on every trial
Second group of rats was learning after all, but only demonstrated their knowledge
when they received reinforcement worthy of quickly running through the maze
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version