PSYA01 Chapter 8: Chapter 08 Main Bank Multiple Choice Questions

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Published on 18 Aug 2015
School
UTSC
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYA01H3
Krause, Corts, Dolderman, Smith, Psychological Science, Canadian Edition,
Chapter 8: Thought and Language
Copyright © 2015 Pearson Canada Inc. Page 1 of 58
1) A _____________ is the mental representation of an object, event, or idea.
a. mental set
b. concept
c. algorithm
d. prototype
Correct: This is the definition of concept used in the textbook.
Answer: b
Diff: 2
Type: MC
Page Reference: 315
Topic: Factual
Objective: Know the key terminology associated with concepts and categories.
2) A group of interrelated concepts is a called a ____________.
a. category
b. superconcept
c. mental set
d. prototype
Correct: Psychologists use the term categories to refer to these clusters of interrelated
concepts.
Answer: a
Diff: 2
Type: MC
Page Reference: 315
Skill: Factual
Objective: Know the key terminology associated with concepts and categories.
3) The concepts of dog, cat, and goldfish can be grouped together to form a
_____________ called pets.
a. prototype
b. mental set
c. superconcept
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Krause, Corts, Dolderman, Smith, Psychological Science, Canadian Edition,
Chapter 8: Thought and Language
Copyright © 2015 Pearson Canada Inc. Page 2 of 58
d. category
Correct: Psychologists use the term categories to refer to these clusters of interrelated
concepts.
Answer: d
Diff: 2
Type: MC
Page Reference: 315
Skill: Applied
Objective: Know the key terminology associated with concepts and categories.
4) Concepts and categories are important because they allow us to
a. classify objects or ideas as belonging to one single group and no others.
b. avoid using prototypes in most situations.
c. develop mental sets which help us solve new problems.
d. organize and manage tremendous amounts of information.
Correct: Concepts and categories help us organize and manage information by grouping
objects, events, and ideas together. Objects and ideas can belong to more than one
concept, and related concepts can be grouped together into categories.
Answer: d
Diff: 3
Type: MC
Page Reference: 315317
Skill: Conceptual
Objective: Know the key terminology associated with concepts and categories.
5) The use of specific rules to categorize objects is an example of
a. using a prototype.
b. linguistic relativity.
c. using a heuristic.
d. classical categorization.
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Krause, Corts, Dolderman, Smith, Psychological Science, Canadian Edition,
Chapter 8: Thought and Language
Copyright © 2015 Pearson Canada Inc. Page 3 of 58
Correct: In classical categorization, objects or events are categorized according to a
certain set of rules or by a specific set of features. In contrast, categorization using a
prototype is done by comparison, not explicit rules or definitions.
Answer: d
Diff: 2
Type: MC
Page Reference: 315
Skill: Conceptual
Objective: Know the key terminology associated with concepts and categories.
6) Mandi shares her frozen dessert with her sister. "Wow!" says her sister, "What type of
ice-cream is this?" Mandi explains that, because it does not contain any dairy, the dessert
is a sorbet and not an ice-cream. Mandi's use of the technical definition for ice-cream to
classify the dessert is an example of
a. using a prototype.
b. classical categorization.
c. using a heuristic.
d. linguistic relativity.
Correct: In classical categorization, objects or events are categorized according to a
certain set of rules or by a specific set of features. In contrast, categorization using a
prototype is done by comparison, not explicit rules or definitions.
Answer: b
Diff: 3
Type: MC
Page Reference: 315
Skill: Applied
Objective: Understand theories of how people organize their knowledge about the world.
7) One problem with the theory of classical categorization is that it does not allow for
_____________.
a. formal definitions
b. concepts
c. graded membership
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