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PSYA01H3 (1,302)
Steve Joordens (1,140)
Chapter 7

PSYA01 chapter 7 notes

3 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYA01H3
Professor
Steve Joordens

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Chapter 7 Learning and Behavior
Our behavior is changeable in response to certain experiences
Learning adaptive process in which the tendency to perform a particular behavior
is changed by experience
Experience alters the structure and chemistry of the brain
oAlterations affect how the nervous system responds to subsequent events
Performance behavioral change produced by the internal changed brought about by
learning
oEvidence that learning has occurred
Habituation
Orienting response any response by which an organism directs appropriate sensory
organs (ears, eyes, nose) toward the source of a novel stimulus
Habituation simplest form of learning; learning not to respond to an unimportant
event that occurs repeatedly
Short-term habituation simple; temporary (smaller nervous systems)?
Long-term habituation complex’; more complex nervous systems
Classical Conditioning
Involves learning about the conditions that predict that a significant event will occur
Pavlovs Serendipitous Discovery
Salivating dogs
Dogs were used to getting food after the sound of a bell which made them salivate
Soon they would salivate just by hearing the bell because they associated it with food
before the food even came
Classical condition process by which a response normally elicited by one stimulus
(the UCS unconditional stimulus) comes to be controlled by another stimulus (CS
conditional stimulus) as well
Unconditional stimulus in classical conditioning, a stimulus, such as food, that
naturally elicits a reflective response, such as salivation
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Description
Chapter 7 Learning and Behavior Our behavior is changeable in response to certain experiences Learning adaptive process in which the tendency to perform a particular behavior is changed by experience Experience alters the structure and chemistry of the brain o Alterations affect how the nervous system responds to subsequent events Performance behavioral change produced by the internal changed brought about by learning o Evidence that learning has occurred Habituation Orienting response any response by which an organism directs appropriate sensory organs (ears, eyes, nose) toward the source of a novel stimulus Habituation simplest form of learning; learning not to respond to an unimportant event that occurs repeatedly Short-term habituation simple; temporary (smaller nervous system
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