PSYA02H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 10-13: Phoneme, N100, Verbal Behavior

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PSYA02H3 Full Course Notes
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PSYA02H3 Full Course Notes
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Speech and comprehension: psycholinguistics: branch of psychology devoted to study verbal behaviour. Left hemisphere showed larger contrast and thus, it plays a larger role in analyzing speech: pho(cid:374)e(cid:373)es: ele(cid:373)e(cid:374)ts (cid:894)s(cid:373)allest u(cid:374)its(cid:895) of spee(cid:272)h. eg: pi(cid:374) is th(cid:396)ee pho(cid:374)e(cid:373)es (cid:862)/p/+/i/+/(cid:374)/(cid:863), voice-onset time: a way in which we discriminate among phonemes. It is the delay between the initial consonant sound and vibrating vocal chords (voicing). Eg: there is a dela(cid:455) i(cid:374) (cid:448)oi(cid:272)i(cid:374)g fo(cid:396) (cid:862)pa(cid:863) (cid:272)o(cid:373)pa(cid:396)ed to (cid:862)(cid:271)a(cid:863) although the i(cid:374)itial sou(cid:374)d (cid:894)(cid:373)ade (cid:449)ith the mouth) is the same: phonemic discriminations initially occur in both hemispheres. We recognize speech sounds in larger chunks such as syllables: sanders, newport, and neville: played a continuous string of nonsense syllables to listeners. Chunks of this stream were given to participants to study as words. Involves different brain mechanisms than learning word meanings: syntactical clues are designed by, word order: tell us who does what do whom (in english), for e(cid:454)a(cid:373)ple (cid:862)a xs the.

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