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Chapter 14

PSYA02H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 14: Oral Stage, Anal Stage, Phallic Stage

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John Bassili

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The Psychodynamic Approach
Psychodynamic- a term used to describe the Freudian notion that the
mind is in a state of conflict among instinct, reason, and conscience.
The Development of Freud’s Theory
Unconscious- the inaccessible part of the mind.
Structures of the Mind: Id, Ego, and Superego
Id- the unconscious reservoir of libido, the psychic energy that fuels
instincts and psychic operations.
Libido- an insistent, instinctual force that is unresponsive to the
demands of reality; the primary source of motivation.
Pleasure principle- the rule that the id obeys: obtain immediate
gratification, whatever form it may take.
Ego- the ego serves as a general manager of personality, making
decisions regarding the pleasures that will be pursued at the id’s
demand, the persona’s safety requirements, and the moral dictates of
the superego that will be followed.
Reality principle- the tendency to satisfy the id’s demands realistically,
which almost always involves compromising the demands of the id and
the superego.
Superego- the repository of an individual’s moral values, divided into
conscience- the internalizations of a society’s rules and regulations-
and the ego ideal- the internalization of one’s goal.
Conscience- the internalization of the rules and restrictions of society;
it determines which behaviors are permissible and punishes
wrongdoings with feelings of guilt.
Ego-ideal- the internalization of what a person would like to be- his or
her goals and ambitions.
Manifest content- the apparent storyline of a dream.
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