Chapter 13 : Psychological Disorder
Medical model: usuing our undertanding of medical condtions to think
about the psyhological conditions.
Psychological factors include persitent megative beliefs about the self and
Social factors such as improverished neighborhoods and stressful family
Abnormal psychology is the psychological study of mental illness.
The difference between these two “unusual” individuals is that ther pesron
who harms himself is exhibiting maladaptive behaviour, or behaviour that
hinders a person’s ability to function in work, school, relationships or society.
To ditinguish between the abnormal and the unusual.
- the behaviour casues distress to self or other.
- the behaviour impairs the ability to function in day-to-day activities.
- the behaviour increases the risk of injury, death, legal problems or
punishment for breaking rules or other detrimental consequences.
Diagnostic and statistial manual for mental disorder (DSM-IV) the manual
that extablishes criteria for the diagnosis of mental disorders.
Etiology, or the origins or causes of symptoms.
Pst-traumatic stree disorder (PTSD)
Dimensional views of psychological distorders becaue the normal-abnormal
distinction is a matter of degree.
Categorical view of psychological disroders regards different mental onditions
as separate types; difference between normal and abnormal functioning are
kind, rather than degree.
Down syndrome is an example of a categorical disorder.
Two mental health issues that affect the public sphere include the insanity
defense and the public perception of individuals who have mental illness.
Insanity is a legal concept and is not diretly related to psychological
diagnoses and treatment.
Insanity defence is the legal strategy of claiming that a defendant was
unable to differentiate between right and wrong when the criminal at was