PSYA02H3 Chapter 14: Chapter 14

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16 Feb 2012
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PSYA02H3 Full Course Notes
PSYA02H3 Full Course Notes
Verified Note
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Document Summary

Personality particular pattern of behaviour and thinking prevailing across time and situations that differentiates one person from another. Assessment of personality is derived from resultsof special tests designed to identify particular personality characteristics and goal of studying it is to discover causes of individual differences in behaviour. Identifying personality characteristics and determining variables that produce and control them. Trait theorists use personality in terms of everyday life: set of personal characteristics that determines different ways we act and react in variety of situations. Earliest explanation of personality differences is humoural theory proposed by. Based on common greek medical beliefs body contained 4 humours/fluids: yellow bile, black bile, phlegm, and blood. Classified according to disposition produced by predominance of humour. Choleric excess of yellow bile and were bad tempered and irritable. Melanchloic excess of black bile and were gloomy and pessimistic. Phlegmatic excess of phlegm and were sluggish, calm and unexcitable. Sanguine excess of blood which made them cheerful and passionate.