Textbook Notes (378,537)
CA (167,156)
UTSC (19,214)
Psychology (9,984)
PSYA02H3 (980)
Fornier (13)
Chapter

Ch 10

2 Pages
62 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYA02H3
Professor
Fornier

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CHAPTER 10 LANGUAGE
-Language permits us to communicate perceptions, thoughts, and memories.
-Semantics = meanings of words
-Syntax = arrangement of sentences that follow specific rules
-Context plays complex role of identifying individual words from continuous
speech
-Patients with brain damage, PET studies of people engaging in verbal behaviour:
some parts of brain play special role in language-related behaviours
-reading allows words to be transmitted and preserved
-eye movements during reading
-whole-word recognition and decoding sounds represented by letters
-brain damage: dyslexia
-developmental dyslexia may involve abnormal development of parts of left
hemisphere that play a special role in language abilities
-semantic priming permit researchers to investigate the interactions of neural
circuits for understanding words (written/spoken)
-language is social behaviour, communicate through movements, facial
expressions, and sounds
-two-word stage: combine words creatively
-child-directed speech
SPEECH AND COMPREHENSION
-Tourette’s syndrome: obsessive-compulsive disorder marked by sudden nervous
tics of behaviour and language
Perception of Speech
-
Understanding the Meaning of Speech
Brain Mechanisms of Verbal Behaviour
READING
Scanning of Text
Phonetic and Whole-Word Recognition: Evidence from Neuropsychology
Understanding the Meanings t Words and Sentences
LANGUAGE ACQUISITION BY CHILDREN
Perception of Speech Sounds by Infants
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Description
CHAPTER 10 LANGUAGE - Language permits us to communicate perceptions, thoughts, and memories. - Semantics = meanings of words - Syntax = arrangement of sentences that follow specific rules - Context plays complex role of identifying individual words from continuous speech - Patients with brain damage, PET studies of people engaging in verbal behaviour: some parts of brain play special role in language-related behaviours - reading allows words to be transmitted and preserved - eye movements during reading - whole-word recognition and decoding sounds represented by letters - brain damage: dyslexia - developmental dyslexia may involve abnormal development of parts of left hemisphere that play a special role in language abilities - semantic
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