Textbook Notes (381,165)
CA (168,383)
UTSC (19,323)
Psychology (10,052)
PSYA02H3 (984)
Fornier (13)
Chapter

Ch 11

1 Page
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYA02H3
Professor
Fornier

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CHAPTER 11 INTELLIGENCE AND THINKING
Intelligence – the general term used to refer to a person’s ability to learn and remember
information, to recognize concepts and their relations, and to applyu the information to
theoir own behaviour in an adaptive way
Differential approach – an approach to the study of intelligence that involves the
creation of tests that identify and measure indivudal differences in peeople’s knowledge
and abilities to solve problems.
Developmental approach – an apporahc to the study of inteeligence based on the way
children learn to perceive, manipulate, and think about the world
Information processing approach – an approach to the study of intelligence that
focuses on the types of skills people use to think ad to solve problems
THEORIES OF INTELLIGENCE
Spearman’s Two-Factor Theory
G factor – according to Charles Spearman, a factor of intelligence that is common to all
intellectual tasks, includes apprehension of experience, eduction of relations and eduction
of correlates
S factor – according to Spearman, a factor of intelligence that is specific to a particular
task
Eduction – process of drawing or brining out (figuring out from given facts)
Apprehension of experience, eduction of relations, eduction of correlates
Factor Analysis
Factor analysis – a stastical procedure that identifies common factors among groups of
tests
Factor loadings – like correlation coefficients
Factor A: verbal ability/general intelligence, Factor B: maintaining information in ST
memory, manipulating numbers, Factor C: spatial ability
Verbal comprehension, verbal fluency, number, spatial visualization, memory, reasoning,
perceptual speed
Fluid intelligence (culture-free tasks) and crystallized intelligence (requires acquired info
from culture) (C F, f based on c)
Successful intelligence – according to ternberh, the ability to effectively analyze and
manage personal strengths and weaknesses
Analytical, creative, practical
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Description
CHAPTER 11 INTELLIGENCE AND THINKING Intelligence the general term used to refer to a persons ability to learn and remember information, to recognize concepts and their relations, and to applyu the information to theoir own behaviour in an adaptive way Differential approach an approach to the study of intelligence that involves the creation of tests that identify and measure indivudal differences in peeoples knowledge and abilities to solve problems. Developmental approach an apporahc to the study of inteeligence based on the way children learn to perceive, manipulate, and think about the world Information processing approach an approach to the study of intelligence that focuses on the types of skills people use to think ad to solve problems THEORIES OF INTELLIGENCE Spearmans Two-Factor Theory G factor according to Charles Spearman, a factor of intelligence that is common to all intellectual tasks, includes apprehension of experience, eduction of relations and eduction of correl
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