Textbook Notes (381,101)
CA (168,356)
UTSC (19,304)
Psychology (10,047)
PSYA02H3 (984)
John Bassili (149)
Chapter 10

Chapter 10 textbook notes

2 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYA02H3
Professor
John Bassili

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Chapter 11
INTELLIGENE AND THINKING
- In general, if people do well academically or succeed at tasks that involve their
heads, we consider them to be intelligent
- Thus, a critic who writes a witty, articulate review of an artists exhibition of
paintings is said to demonstrate intelligence, whereas the painter is said to
show talent
- Intelligence as a persons ability to learn and remember information, to recognize
concepts and their relations, and to apply the information to their own
behavior in an adaptive way
- Any definition of intelligence depends on cultural judgments
- The study of intelligence is dominated by three main approaches
1Differential approach favors the development of tests that identify and
measure individual differences in peoples abilities to solve problems,
particularly those that use skills important in the classroom
2Developmental approach studies the way in which children learn to perceive,
manipulate, and think about the world
- The most influential proponent of this approach was the Swiss psychologist Jean
Piaget (1896-1980)
3Information processing approach focus on the types of skills people use to
think and to solve various types of problem
- We will focus on Robert Sternbergs influential theory of successful intelligence,
which focuses on peoples ability to analyze and mange personal strengths and
weaknesses
Theories of Intelligence
- People vary in many ways, such as in their abilities to learn and use words, to solve
arithmetic problems, and to perceive and remember spatial information
- The differential approach assumes that we can best investigate the nature of
intelligence by studying the ways in which people differ on tests of such intellectual
abilities
- Psychologists have devised intelligence tests that yield a single number, usually
called an IQ score
- These tests provide a single score does not itself mean that intelligence is a
single, general characteristic
- ex) if we wanted to devise a test of athletic ability
- Athletic quotient (AQ) we would measure their performance on each task and add
these numbers up, yielding a total score
- Obviously this single measure would not be useful in predicting who would
be the best skier, or baseball player, or swimmer, or gymnast
- Athletic ability consists of a variety of skills and different sports require dif ferent
combinations of skills
- Some researchers promote the idea that some intellectual abilities are completely
independent of one another
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Description
Chapter 11 INTELLIGENE AND THINKING - In general, if people do well academically or succeed at tasks that involve their heads, we consider them to be intelligent - Thus, a critic who writes a witty, articulate review of an artists exhibition of paintings is said to demonstrate intelligence, whereas the painter is said to show talent - Intelligence as a persons ability to learn and remember information, to recognize concepts and their relations, and to apply the information to their own behavior in an adaptive way - Any definition of intelligence depends on cultural judgments - The study of intelligence is dominated by three main approaches 1 Differential approach favors the development of tests that identify and measure individual differences in peoples abilities to solve problems, particularly those that use skills important in the classroom 2 Developmental approach studies the way in which children learn to perceive, manipulate, and think about the world - The most influential proponent of this approach was the Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget (1896-1980) 3 Information processing approach focus on the types of skills people use to think and to solve various types of problem - We will focus on Robert Sternbergs influenti
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