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PSYA02H3 (984)
John Bassili (149)
Chapter 18

Chapter 18 Textbook

14 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYA02H3
Professor
John Bassili

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Chapter 18 The Treatment of
Psychological Disorders
Psychological Disorders and Psychotherapy
Early Treatment of Psychological Disorders
trephining: a surgical procedure in which a hole is made in the skill of a living
person
ohole was made for evil spirits to leave the mind
The Development of Psychotherapy
eclectic approach: form of therapy in which the therapists uses whatever method
he/she feels will work best for a particular client at a particular time
Insight Therapies
practitionars assume that people are essentially normal but learn maladaptive
thought patterns and emotions
view behaviour as a symptom of a deeper underlying psychological problem
Psychoanalysis and Modern Psychodynamic Approaches
psychoanalysis: form of therapy aimed at providing the client with insight into
his/her unconscious motivations and impulses
conflicts demands between the id, ego, and super ego leads to anxiety
point of psychoanalysis
oplace the patient in situations to gain clues about the origins of the
intrapsychic conflicts
othese clues reveal the patients dreams, memory, manner of speech
oby exposing them to these will gain insight into problem
oindividuals have biased view of their own problems not accurate
www.notesolution.com
Psychoanalytic Techniques
free association: Freud; used to encourage the client to speak freely, without
censoring possibly embarrassing or socially unacceptable thoughts
oclient was encouraged to report any thoughts/images that came to mind w/out
worrying about its meaning
ominimal authoritative influence over the client (eliminate eye contact)
IMPORTANT dream interpretation evaluating the underlying meaning of
dream content
manifest content of a dream: what events/images actually occurs within the
latent content of a dream: hidden meaning/significance behind a dream
omanifest masks the latent latent content is anxiety provoking
client is healed but must suffer a great deal to attain healing paradox?
resistance: when the client becomes defensive and attempts to halt further insight
by censoring his/her true feeling
odoes so by changing the subject, or misses appointments, or forgets what
he/she was about to say
transference: when the client begins to project powerful attitudes and emotions
onto the therapist
ooccurs over a period of months when the client becomes less inhibited
counter-transference: where the therapist projects his/her emotions onto the
client
Modern Psychodynamic Therapy
psychodynamic therapy: therapists search for unconscious conflicts and
motivations but do not adhere to Freuds conception of psychoanalysis
oplace less emphasis on psychosexual development and more emphasis on
social and interpersonal experiences
osee the ego as having more control over the subconscious
intermittent psychodynamic therapy clients do not continuously see a
www.notesolution.com
orather, they take lengthy breaks and return only when a need arises
brief psychodynamic therapy 10-25 sessions to complete
ogoal? to understand and improve the clients interpersonal skills
through the interpretation of transference processes
early experiences with others influence our current relationships
Humanist Therapy
humanist therapy: provides the client with a greater understanding of his/her
unique potential for personal growth and self-actualization
obelief that everyone has a great potential in life and a psychological problem
is an impediment in the way to attaining full potential
oremove the impediment and retrieve potential anew
Client-Centered Therapy
client centered therapy: Rogers; client is allowed to devide what to talk about
without strong direction and judgement from the therapist
othe therapy is centered around what the client wants
incongruence: psychological problem where the persons perception of themselves is
different than their ideal perception
owho they are v. who they want to be
because the client is running ship, therapist use reflection to mirror the clients’
statement to touch on a certain topic
unconditional positive regard: the clients worth as a human being is not
dependant on anything he/she does, says, feels, or thinks
therapist must believe that even though they may not like the behaviour of
the client they must believe that the true nature of the client is good
Gestalt Therapy
gestalt therapy: emphasizes the unity of the mind and body by teaching the client
to get in touch with bodily sensations and emotional feelings
oplaces emphasis on present conditions, not past ones
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Chapter 18 The Treatment of Psychological Disorders Psychological Disorders and Psychotherapy Early Treatment of Psychological Disorders trephining: a surgical procedure in which a hole is made in the skill of a living person o hole was made for evil spirits to leave the mind The Development of Psychotherapy eclectic approach: form of therapy in which the therapists uses whatever method heshe feels will work best for a particular client at a particular time Insight Therapies practitionars assume that people are essentially normal but learn maladaptive thought patterns and emotions view behaviour as a symptom of a deeper underlying psychological problem Psychoanalysis and Modern Psychodynamic Approaches psychoanalysis: form of therapy aimed at providing the client with insight into hisher unconscious motivations and impulses conflicts demands between the id, ego, and super ego leads to anxiety point of psychoanalysis o place the patient in situations to gain clues about the origins of the intrapsychic conflicts o these clues reveal the patients dreams, memory, manner of speech o by exposing them to these will gain insight into problem o individuals have biased view of their own problems not accurate www.notesolution.comPsychoanalytic Techniques free association: Freud; used to encourage the client to speak freely, without censoring possibly embarrassing or socially unacceptable thoughts o client was encouraged to report any thoughtsimages that came to mind wout worrying about its meaning o minimal authoritative influence over the client (eliminate eye contact) IMPORTANT dream interpretation evaluating the underlying meaning of dream content manifest content of a dream: what eventsimages actually occurs within the latent content of a dream: hidden meaningsignificance behind a dream o manifest masks the latent latent content is anxiety provoking client is healed but must suffer a great deal to attain healing paradox? resistance: when the client becomes defensive and attempts to halt further insight by censoring hisher true feeling o does so by changing the subject, or misses appointments, or forgets what heshe was about to say transference: when the client begins to project powerful attitudes and emotions onto the therapist o occurs over a period of months when the client becomes less inhibited counter-transference: where the therapist projects hisher emotions onto the client Modern Psychodynamic Therapy psychodynamic therapy: therapists search for unconscious conflicts and motivations but do not adhere to Freuds conception of psychoanalysis o place less emphasis on psychosexual development and more emphasis on social and interpersonal experiences o see the ego as having more control over the subconscious intermittent psychodynamic therapy clients do not continuously see a www.notesolution.com
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