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Chapter 11

PSYB01H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 11: Focus Group, Participant Observation


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB01H3
Professor
David Nussbaum
Chapter
11

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Key Terms
Term Page Definition
"Grand
Tour"
Question
358 A broad question at the start of an interview that seeks to engage
the respondent in the topic of interest; used in intensive (depth)
interviewing
Field
Notes
365 Notes that describe what has been observed, heard, or otherwise
experienced in a participant observation study. These notes usually
are written after the observational session
Field
Research
er
362 A researcher who uses qualitative methods to conduct research in
the field developing and maintaining relationships
Focus
Groups
357 A qualitative method that involves unstructured group interviews in
which the focus group leader actively encourages discussion among
participants on the topics of interest
Jottings 365 Brief notes written in the field about highlights of an observation
period
Matrix 375 A form on which can be recorded systematically particular features
of multiple cases or instances that a qualitative data analyst needs
to examine
Participan
t
Observati
on
357 A qualitative method for gathering data that involves developing a
sustained relationship with people while they go about their normal
activities
Participan
t
Observer
360 A researcher who gathers data through participating and observing
in a setting where he or she develops a sustained relationship with
people while they go about their normal activities. The term
participant observer is often used to refer to a continuum of possible
roles, from complete observation, in which the researcher does not
participate along with others in groups activities, to complete
participation, in which the researcher participates without publicly
acknowledging being an observer
Qualitativ
e
Interviewi
ng
357 A method that involves open-ended, relatively unstructured
questioning in which the interviewer seeks in depth information on
the interviewee's feelings, experiences, and perceptions. Also called
intensive interviewing.
Reactive
Effect
362 The changes in an individual or group behaviour that are due to
being observed or otherwise studied
Saturatio
n Point
359 The point at which subject selection is ended in intensive
interviewing, when new interviews seem to yield little additional
information
Systemati
c
Observati
on
368 A strategy that increases the reliability of observational data by
using explicit rules that standardize coding practices across
observers
Chapter 11: Qualitative Methods
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