Textbook Notes (381,228)
CA (168,426)
UTSC (19,325)
Psychology (10,054)
PSYB01H3 (581)
Anna Nagy (283)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1 Textbook Notes

4 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB01H3
Professor
Anna Nagy

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Chapter 1: Scientific Understanding of Behaviour
USES OF RESEARCH METHODS
Knowledge of research methods is important for making decisions and evaluations
oE.g. social science brief study stopped segregation in schools
Helps us understand studies
THE SCIENTIFIC APPROACH
The Limitations of Intuition and Authority
Intuition is cognitively and motivationally (benefit us to believe it) biased
We make illusory correlations
Authority
We believe authorities more easily
Science doesnt trust based on faith
Skepticism, science and the Empirical Approach
Intuition and authority sources of ideas, but have to be skeptical
Empiricism: knowledge from observation
Goldsteins evolved theory of science
oObservations accurately reported to others (can replicate)
oSearch for discovery and verification of ideas (Theories)
oOpen exchange and competition among ideas (Testable)
oPeer review of research
Falsifiability: Research can be falsified
Peer Review: Research reviewed by experts to see if it should be published
Science is free exchange of ideas supported by research, can be used to make new
finds
Integrating Intuition, Skepticism and Authority
Scientists are authorities when the talk about subject
olook at who is funding them, credentials, instituion
pseudoscientists use scentific terms to trick us
Characteristics of pseudosience
oHypotheses not testable
oPoor methods and validity of data
oAnecdotal evidence, fake experts
oIgnore conflicting evidence
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Description
Chapter 1: Scientific Understanding of Behaviour USES OF RESEARCH METHODS Knowledge of research methods is important for making decisions and evaluations o E.g. social science brief study stopped segregation in schools Helps us understand studies THE SCIENTIFIC APPROACH The Limitations of Intuition and Authority Intuition is cognitively and motivationally (benefit us to believe it) biased We make illusory correlations Authority We believe authorities more easily Science doesnt trust based on faith Skepticism, science and the Empirical Approach Intuition and authority sources of ideas, but have to be skeptical Empiricism: knowledge from observation Goldsteins evolved theory of science o Observations accurately reported to others (can replicate) o Search for discovery and verification of ideas (Theories) o Open exchange and competition among ideas (Testable) o Peer review of research Falsifiability: Research can be falsified Peer Review: Research reviewed by experts to see if it should be published Science is free exchange of ideas supported by research, can be used to make new finds Integrating Intuition, Skepticism and Authority Scientists are authorities when the talk about subject o look at who is funding them, credentials, instituion pseudoscientists use scentific terms to trick us Characteristics of pseudosience o Hypotheses not testable o Poor methods and validity of data o Anecdotal evidence, fake experts o Ignore conflicting evidence www.notesolution.com
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