Textbook Notes (280,000)
CA (160,000)
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Psychology (10,000)
PSYB10H3 (700)
Chapter 1

PSYB10H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Asian Canadians, The Need, Social Comparison Theory

Course Code
Elizabeth Page- Gould

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The Self (pg 125-151)
4:37 PM
The Nature of the Self
Self concept: the contents of the self; that is our knowledge about who we are.
Self awareness: the act of thinking about ourselves.
o These two concepts combined create a coherent sense of identity
o Self concept clarity has important cognitive and emotional implications
Functions of the Self
Self schemas: mental structures that help organize our knowledge about ourselves.
Self-reference effect: the tendency for people to remember information better if they
related it to themselves.
Integrating information with our self schemas helps us organize it better and connect it
to other information about ourselves, which makes us more likely to remember it later.
When people are motivated to see themselves as possessing a desire quality or trait,
they conduct a selective memory search for examples of past behaviours consistent with that trait.
The self also serves an executive function, regulating people's behaviour, choice, and
plans for the future much like a CEO of a corporation.
Self regulatory resource model: the idea that people have a limited amount of energy
to devote to self-control and that spending it on one task limits the amount that can be spent on
another task.
Cultural Difference in Defining the Self
Independent view of the self: defining oneself in terms of one's own internal thoughts,
feelings, and actions and not in terms of the thoughts and feelings and actions of others.
Interdependent view of the self: defining oneself in terms of one's relationships to
other people; recognizing that one's behaviour if often determined by the thoughts, feelings and
actions of others.
o Connectedness and interdependence between people is valued, whereas
independence and uniqueness are frowned on.
Differences in the sense of self are so fundamental that it is difficult for people with
independent selves to appreciate what it is like to have an interdependent self, and vice versa.
Gender Differences in Defining the Self
Women's self concept reflect more relational interdependence, and they focus more on
their close relationships (romantic partner, friend or child).
Men tend to define themselves in terms of social groups (sport teams)and this is known
as collective interdependence.
Knowing Ourselves through Introspection
Introspection: the process whereby people look inward and examine their own
thoughts, feelings and motives.
o People do not rely on this source of information as often as you might think
o Even when people do introspect, the reasons for their feelings and behaviour
can be hidden from conscious awareness.
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
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