-The process whereby people look inward and examine their own thoughts,
feelings, and motives.
-Two interesting things about introspection: 1) people do not reply on this source
of information as often as you might think. People spend very little time thinking
about themselves. 2) Even when people do introspect, the reasons for their
feelings and behaviour can be hidden from conscious awareness.
-When we are focused on our self, we have a tendency to erroneously assume that others
also share this awareness.
-The idea that when people focus their attention on themselves, they evaluate and
compare their behaviour with their internal standards and values.
-We become self-conscious, in the sense that we become objective, judgmental
observers of ourselves.
-Self-awareness makes us conscious of our internal standards and directs our
-Self-focus can also be a way of keeping you out of trouble, by reminding you of
your sense of right and wrong. Several studies have found that when people are
self-aware (ex. In front of a mirror), they are more likely to follow their moral
standards, such as avoiding the temptation to cheat on a test.
-Self awareness can have negative and positive effects, and in those cases were
self-awareness feels aversive, those bad feelings can be alleviated in either a
constructive or deconstructive manner.
-Theories about the causes of one’s own feelings and behaviours: typically, we
learn such theories from our culture.
-The theory that when our attitudes and feelings are uncertain or ambiguous, we
infer these states by observing our behavior and the situation in which it occurs.
-We infer our inner feelings form our behavior only when we are not sure how we
feel. Ex, if you are unsure if you’re a classical music lover.
-Self perception theory also claims that people evaluate whehther their behaviour
really reflects how they feel or whether the situation they are in made them act
-The desire to engage in an activity because we enjoy it or find it interesting, not
because of external rewards or pressures.