35 views6 pages
24 Feb 2011
School
Department
Course
Chapter 5
Self- Knowledge and the Need to Maintain Self-Esteem
William James described the basic duality of our perception of self
1. The self is comprised of ones thoughts and beliefs about oneself, or
what he called the known or me
2. The self is also the active processor of information, the knower or
the I
The known aspect in modern times is known as the self-concept
Self-concept- the contents of the self; that is, our knowledge about who
we are
The knower or the I aspect is known as self-awareness
Self-awareness- the act of thinking about ourselves
Both aspects combine to create a coherent sense of identity
Self- the nature of the self-concept and how people come to know
themselves through self- awareness
Self recognition develops around the age of two for humans
Self-Schemas- mental structures that people use to organize their
knowledge about themselves and the influence what they notice, think
about, and remember about themselves
Self schemas act as lenses through which people view others
Self- reference effect- the tendency for people to remember information
better if they relate it themselves
Integrating information with out self schemas helps us organize it
better and connect it to other information about ourselves, which
makes us more likely to remember it later
www.notesolution.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 6 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
When people are motivated to see themselves as possessing a desired
quality or trait, they conduct a selective memory search for examples of
past behaviors consistent with that trait
Body if evidence then allows us to draw the rational conclusion that
the desirable trait is part of their self-schemas
The self also serves as an executive function, regulating peoples
behavior, choices and plans for the future
People are best at self-control when they are well rested and not too
stressed out
In Western culture people have an independent view of the self
Independent view of the self- defining oneself in terms of ones own
internal thoughts, feelings, and actions, and not in terms of the
thoughts, feelings, and actions of other people
In Eastern culture people have an interdependent view of the self
Interdependent view of the self- defining oneself in terms of ones
relationships to other people; recognizing that ones behavior is often
determined by the thoughts, feelings and actions of others
Connectedness and interdependence between people in that culture is
valued, where as independents and uniqueness is frowned on
What is viewed positive and normal behavior by one culture might be
viewed very differently by another
Self concept clarity is a western phenomenon, created by Jennifer
Campbell, based on the premise that the self is a stable configuration
of internal traits that govern behavior across situations
Japanese had a lower self-concept clarity than Canadians
Womens self-concepts reflect more relational interdependence, they
focus more on their close relationships
These relational traits are considered as more self-descriptive than
men
In the sentence completion test, it was found that women hold a more
relational view of the self, but only in individualist cultures, like
Canada
www.notesolution.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 6 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Self- knowledge and the need to maintain self-esteem: william james described the basic duality of our perception of self, 1. The self is comprised of one"s thoughts and beliefs about oneself, or what he called the known or me : 2. In western culture people have an independent view of the self. Independent view of the self- defining oneself in terms of one"s own internal thoughts, feelings, and actions, and not in terms of the thoughts, feelings, and actions of other people. In eastern culture people have an interdependent view of the self. In the sentence completion test, it was found that women hold a more relational view of the self, but only in individualist cultures, like. In collectivist culture that emphasize interdependence, women and men were equally likely to hold a relational view of the self: men tend to define themselves in social groups, such as sport teams to which they belong.

Get access

Grade+20% OFF
$8 USD/m$10 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Grade+
Homework Help
Study Guides
Textbook Solutions
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
Booster Class
40 Verified Answers
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Class+
Homework Help
Study Guides
Textbook Solutions
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
Booster Class
30 Verified Answers