Culture and gender also play a role in how people define themselves.
- The process whereby people look inward and examine their own thoughts,
feelings, and motives.
- Two interesting things about introspection: 1) people do not reply on this
source of information as often as you might think. People spend very little
time thinking about themselves. 2) Even when people do introspect, the
reasons for their feelings and behaviour can be hidden from conscious
-When we are focused on our self, we have a tendency to erroneously assume
that others also share this awareness.
- The idea that when people focus their attention on themselves, they
evaluate and compare their behaviour with their internal standards and
- We become self-conscious, in the sense that we become objective,
judgmental observers of ourselves.
- Self-awareness makes us conscious of our internal standards and directs
our subsequent behaviour.
- Self-focus can also be a way of keeping you out of trouble, by reminding
you of your sense of right and wrong. Several studies have found that
when people are self-aware (ex. In front of a mirror), they are more likely
to follow their moral standards, such as avoiding the temptation to cheat
on a test.
- Self awareness can have negative and positive effects, and in those cases
were self-awareness feels aversive, those bad feelings can be alleviated
in either a constructive or deconstructive manner.
- Theories about the causes of one’s own feelings and behaviours: typically,
we learn such theories from our culture.
- The theory that when our attitudes and feelings are uncertain or
ambiguous, we infer these states by observing our behavior and the
situation in which it occurs.
- We infer our inner feelings form our behavior only when we are not sure
how we feel. Ex, if you are unsure if you’re a classical music lover.
- Self perception theory also claims that people evaluate whehther their
behaviour really reflects how they feel or whether the situation they are in
made them act that way.