PSYB10H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 5: Social Comparison Theory, Motivation, Self-Awareness

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Published on 23 Jun 2012
School
UTSC
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB10H3
Chapter 5
Self-knowledge and the Need to maintain Self-Esteem
“The Self”
Williams James described the basic duality of our perception of self:
1) the self is composed of one’s thoughts and beliefs about oneself
2) The self is also the active processor of information, the “knower” or the “I”.
Self Concept
- The contents of oneself: that is, our knowledge about who we are.
Self Awareness
- Which is the act of thinking about ourselves.
These two concepts of the self concept and self awareness combine to create a
coherent sense of identity.
-People who are low on self concept clarity are more likely to be neurotic and have low
self-esteem, and are less likely to be aware of their internal states. They are less likely to
engage in positive forms of self focus such as reflection.
-Self concepts in humans develop around age 2-3 years (using the mirror rough test)
Self Schemas
- Mental structures that help us to organize our knowledge about ourselves and that
influence what we notice, think about, and remember about ourselves.
Independent view of the self
- Defining oneself in terms of one’s own internal thoughts, feelings, and actions, and
not in terms of the thoughts, feelings and actions of other people.
- Independence and uniqueness is encouraged.
Interdependent view of the self
- Defining oneself in terms of one’s relationships to other people; recognizing that
one’s behaviour is often determined by the thoughts, feelings, and actions of others.
- Independence and uniqueness are frowned upon whereas interdependence and
connectedness are encouraged.
- This view of the self occurs in many Asian cultures and non westernized countries.
Culture and gender also play a role in how people define themselves.
Introspection
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Document Summary

Williams james described the basic duality of our perception of self: the self is composed of one"s thoughts and beliefs about oneself. 1: the self is also the active processor of information, the knower or the i . The contents of oneself: that is, our knowledge about who we are. Which is the act of thinking about ourselves. These two concepts of the self concept and self awareness combine to create a coherent sense of identity. People who are low on self concept clarity are more likely to be neurotic and have low self-esteem, and are less likely to be aware of their internal states. They are less likely to engage in positive forms of self focus such as reflection. Self concepts in humans develop around age 2-3 years (using the mirror rough test) Mental structures that help us to organize our knowledge about ourselves and that influence what we notice, think about, and remember about ourselves.

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