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Chapter 7

PSYB30H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 7: Sigmund Freud, Defence Mechanisms, Reaction Formation

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Marc A Fournier

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Text Book Notes Part Three
Chapter 7
Motivation: wants, desires, aims & intensions that people have inside them
Psychoanalytic View:
Psychoanalysis: Sigmund Freud
Four principals
o Determinism: forces that we have little control over determine
o Drive: forces exist within us, traced back to primitive drive
Two drives: aggression & sexuality
o Conflict: forces that determine behaviour are in conflict with one
another and cause anxiety
o Unconscious: no control
There are two sets of instincts and drive
o Sexuality and all other life instinct (Eros)
o Aggression and all other death instincts (Thanatos)
The unconscious: the state of being outside of awareness
A realm of the mind wherein reside repressed thoughts, feelings memories
conflicts and the like
Topographic model: model of the mind
Conscious: what a person is currently aware of
Preconscious: person is not currently aware but which could readily enter
o Memory
Unconscious: cannot be readily retrieved
o Actively repressed
**Selected writings of Sigmund Freud page 260
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Repression & Repressors
In experiment by AP
o Asked students to pick what apartment they would live, 1 apartment
was better than the rest
o 1 group was asked to think consciously about the apartment while the
other was distracted
o Second group, unconsciously thinking picked the right apartment
Repression: casting thoughts, memories, out of conscious and rendering
them to unremembered
Repressors: people who experience little anxiety on a conscious level an who
adopt to highly defensive approach to life
In study repressors had lower subjective distress than low & high anxious
Davis, study, repressors remembered fewer good memories
o Recall very few childhood memories
For repressors: revealed in non-dominant emotions
o Embarrassing memories less shame for repressors
o Sad memories produced less depression for repressors
Resilience: overcome difficult obstacles in life and to thrive amidst adversity
Ego’s Defenses
ID: most primitive
o Submerged in unconscious
o Instinctual impulses of sex and aggression
o Chaotic
o No inhibitions
o Dictated by pleasure principal
Pleasure come from the reduction of tension in the immediate
gratification of impulses
o ID is also the driving force behind primary process thinking
Irrational kind of thinking that we associate with dreaming
Ego: mediate between ID and super ego
o Ensure safety and self-preservation of the organism by adopting
reality principal
Enables individual to suspend immediate instinctual
gratification until either an appropriate object or condition
arises that will satisfy instinct
o To produce behaviours and experiences uses secondary process
Conscious, deliberate and geared toward solving problems in a
ration and realistic manner
o Partly in conscious and unconscious
o Defense mechanism: unconscious strategy of the ego that distorts
reality in order to lessen anxiety
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