PSYB30H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 13: Sensation Seeking

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Published on 17 Apr 2013
School
UTSC
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB30H3
Personality Chapter 13 Notes:
- Resilience is the ability to recover from tragedy, adversity, hardship, or to adapt to ongoing life
stressors
- When a traumatic event happens humans have the capacity to maintain a psychological
equilibrium and rebound to our former states of well-being
- When a traumatic event hits a person they may not survive it or they may become crippled by
the event
- However there are people who recover (resilience) from the event or even achieve a better level
of functioning (thriving) than before the event
- There are four kinds of models of how personality impacts health:
1) According to health behaviour models people with high conscientiousness or with an
internal locus of control adopt a healthier lifestyle and take better care of themselves
2) According to the transactional stress moderation models people high in neuroticism or
sensation seeking may influence a person’s exposure to stressful or dangerous
circumstances
3) Constitutional predisposition models suggest that there may be some underlying genetic
factors that influence both personality and disease
4) Interactional stress moderation models are the most fascinating because it suggests that
personality characteristics modify physiological responses by reducing or increasing them
- Resilient people tend to be high in hardiness, trait resilient, and experience lots of positive
emotions
- Hardy people have three important characteristics that helps them not become ill during
stressful times:
1) They believe they can control their own outcomes and reinforcements
2) They are actively engaged in the social world around them by being committed to others
and turning their stressful experiences into something interesting
3) They look at challenge as an opportunity rather than it being the end of the world
- Hardiness is related to better health, protection against burnout, greater activity in the elderly,
better quality of life among those facing a serious illness, better performance, and greater
immune response
- Madi described transformational coping as people high in hardiness turning the stressful
experience into something less threatening and ultimately even growth enhancing
- Having the three characteristics of hardiness (control, commitment and challenge) don’t come
together as a package and having all three of them doesn't provide any greater advantage than
just having one
- Ego-resiliency is the ability to modify one’s responses to meet the requirements of a stressful
situation and to return to one’s characteristics level of self-regulation after a stressor this is
called trait resilient
- Resilient people strike a balance between under controlling and over controlling a response
- Resilient students have high wide interests, a high aspiration level, are confident and assertive
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Document Summary

Resilience is the ability to recover from tragedy, adversity, hardship, or to adapt to ongoing life stressors. When a traumatic event happens humans have the capacity to maintain a psychological equilibrium and rebound to our former states of well-being. When a traumatic event hits a person they may not survive it or they may become crippled by the event. However there are people who recover (resilience) from the event or even achieve a better level of functioning (thriving) than before the event. Resilient people tend to be high in hardiness, trait resilient, and experience lots of positive emotions. Hardiness is related to better health, protection against burnout, greater activity in the elderly, better quality of life among those facing a serious illness, better performance, and greater immune response. Madi described transformational coping as people high in hardiness turning the stressful experience into something less threatening and ultimately even growth enhancing.

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