1. Social – cognitive approaches to personality – theories and conceptions of personality that
emphasize the extent to which human beings are information – processing systems who use
schemas, beliefs, values, expectancies, and other cognitive constructs to guide their behavior in
the social world.
2. Personal constructs- Kelly's concept of the characteristic way of construing how some things are
alike in some things are different from each other.
3. Range of convenience- Kelly's concept of the extent to which a given personal construct is likely
to guide a person's interpretation of events in the behavior he or she is likely to show.
4. Role construct repertory test- Kelly's test designed to explore personal constructs in people's
5. Cognitive styles- characteristic and typically preferred modes of processing information, such as
field independence – dependence and integrative complexity.
6. Field dependence/field-dependence- a general dimension of cognitive style ranging from highly
analytical and differentiated processing of information [field – independence] to highly
contextual and global processing [field – dependence].
7. Embedded figure test- test the field – independence/field – dependence in which a person
attempts to find forms hidden in an embedded field.
8. Integrative complexity- the extent to which a person sees and interprets events in a
differentiated and integrated way.
9. Social intelligence- each person set of skills, abilities, knowledge about social situations.
10. Procedural knowledge- various competencies, strategies, rules that enable the person to form
impressions of others, make attributions, encode and retrieve memories, and predict social
11. Relational schemas- the cognitive structure representing regularities and patterns of
interpersonal relationships. As an important aspect of declarative – semantic knowledge in
social intelligence, relational schemas include important information about what to expect when
interacting with certain people and, therefore, serve as cognitive maps in navigating the social