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Chapter 9 Key Terms
Libidos – Freud’s concept for the sexual energy of sexual life instincts.
Erogenous zone – bodily sites for libidinal expression including the mouth, anus, genitals.
Oral stage – the first stage of psychosexual development, according to Freud, wherein the libido is
expressed mainly through oral activities.
Trust/mistrust – the first stage of Erikson's stage of psychosocial development, in which the infant seeks
to establish a hopeful and trusting relation with the environment.
Anal stage – the second stage of psychosexual development, according to Freud, wherein the libidinal
expression is concentrated in the anus, manifested in bowel movements, cheap by toilet training.
Autonomy versus shame and doubt – the second stage of Erikson's team of psychosocial development
during which the toddler seeks to establish him – or herself as an independent and competent agent in
Phallic stage – the third stage of psychosexual development, according to Freud, wherein the libido is
expressed through the genital region. The phallic stage is associated with ages 3 – five years and centers
around the odedipus complex.
initiative versus guilt – the third stage of Erikson scheme of psychosocial development, during which the
young child experiences the oedipus complex and becomes increasingly concerned with issues of power
objective relations – a group of theories, owing varying intellectual debt to Freud, which center around
the persons emotionally charged relationships with other people and the resultant development of
representation of those people in the unconscious rounds of the mind.
separation – individuation- the process of gaining independence from early symbiotic unions with
caregivers and establishing a coherent sense of self and of others.
self-psychology – a contemporary derivative of psychoanalytic theory, championed by Kohut, which is
concerned with how people find unity and cohesiveness life.