PSYB30H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Penis Envy, Thumb Sucking, Psychoanalysis

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Freud"s work originated from joseph breur"s early work with patient anna o. People who have physical symptoms with no physiological basis were known as having hysteria (now known as conversion disorder or neurosis) This was solved by catharsis which is an emotional release (the talking cure) Freud believed that emotions that were prevented from escaping would find an alternative outlet leading to neurotic symptoms. Believed there was a force keeping memories unconscious known as resistance. During a traumatic event, a wish or desire that went against a person"s ego-ideal causes pain so is repressed. Freud developed two methods two discover repressed ideas and desires: free association and interpretation of slips/dreams. In free association the patient is asked to verbalize whatever comes to mind. After free association one reflects upon what he has said, and this weakens the resistance. Freud believes that slips have meaning and motive. Cause implies an impersonal force that creates action.

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