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Chapter 3

PSYB30H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 3: Personal Unconscious, Collective Unconscious, Psychological Types

Course Code
Marc A Fournier

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Chapter 3 Analytical Psychology
The Nature and Structure of Personality
Lonely childhood and fainting spells (maybe had childhood psychosis [break from reality])
Carl Jung believed the structure of personality was a network of interacting systems
He referred to the total personality and all psychological processes as the psyche
He uses this term to emphasize that the psyche embraces both conscious and unconscious
Psychic Energy
Jung believed the libido was an appetite or psychic energy that arises not only from sexuality but
from other hungers as well
He criticized Freud for his over emphasis on sexuality in his work
The libido is a psychic energy that seeks balance and moves a person towards self realization
The Ego
Jung saw the ego as the executor of personality
The ego is the conscious mind and selects thoughts, feelings, and memories that may enter
It allows stability when we perceive ourselves
The Personal Unconscious and It’s Complexes
The personal unconscious is the thoughts, feelings, and memories that have been put aside and
may be easily retrieved
A complex is an organized group of thoughts, feelings, and memoriesShemas
o A complex has a constellating power it draws in new ideas and interprets them
Example like a magnet
o The more constellating power a complex has, the more powerful it is
o Depending on people’s reaction in a word association test, he can understand your
complex as they are related concepts
A complex may be conscious, unconscious, or partly conscious. It may also dominate an entire
The Collective Unconscious
It contains potentialities that we all share. It is ‘transpersonal’
It contains experiences we all have had and is universal
An archetype is a universal predisposition to respond to the world in a certain way
Efforts to deny or destroy an archetype makes one unbalances
They can never be fully known or described because they never fully enter consciousness
It is helpful to get in touch with them because they represent the psyche
The persona is a social role one assumes in a society
o To neglect it is to become asocial
o The persona is assigned to a group
The shadow is the unsocial thoughts, feelings, and behaviours that are incompatible with our
social standards
o To neglect or deny our shadow leads to hypocrisy and deceit
o “angels are not suited for existence on earth”
o If one side of us is too weak, the other comes up and if one is too strong, the other is
The anima is the feminine side of the male, and the animus is the masculine side of the female
o It contains experiences about the opposite sex
o It is essential in understanding the opposite sex
o Jung believed women’s consciousness is characterized by the ability to enter
relationships and the male’s consciousness is characterized by the ability to be rational
and analytic
o The anima and animus compensate for the outer conscious personality assigned by
o A woman may repress her anima, forcing it to intrude upon their life, or they may
identify with it (being masculine)
The self attempts to harmonize all the archetypes and organizes psychic energy so that different
parts of the personality are expressed at appropriate times
o Shadow at a party, socially acceptable at work (persona) etc
o The true self lies in the boundary of conscious and unconscious
o Mandala Hindu and Buddhist symbol of the universe, is also a symbol of the self
It represents striving towards the self and wholeness BALANCE
Freud does have aspects of the collective unconscious in his work, but mainly emphasized the
personal unconscious
Psychological Types
Attitudes are ways of perceiving the environment
Functions are orienting experiences cognitive processing styles
The Attitudes
Extraversion is an attitude in which the psyche is oriented outward toward the objective world
o Tends to be more comfortable with the outer world
Introversion is an attitude in which the psyche is oriented inward toward the subjective world
o More comfortable with the inner world
The Functions
Sensation and intuition refer to how we gather information
o Sensation is using the five senses and dealing with facts and reality
o Intuition is looking for relationships and meaning
Thinking and feeling refer to how we come to conclusions and make judegements
o Thinking prefers logic
o Feelings is concerned with personal values, attitudes, and beliefs
One of these functions tends to be dominant in each individual
Two attitudes and four functions combine to make eight psychological types
These types however rarely occur in pure form and often are subject to change
Self Realization
Jung didn’t not emphasize stages in development and early childhood years
He believed the self was in a process of self realization
o To realize and fulfil maximum human potential
This concept originated from Aristotle’s telos a purpose or goal that indicates potentiality
Jung thus believed that the principles of causality (which Freud emphasized) and teleology led to
self realization
A third principle that lead to self realization is synchronicity
o Two events occur at the same time or close in time, and appear to be linked in meaning
Jung believed synchronicity was caused by a situation occurring in the external world occurring
at the same time that an archetype emerges into consciousness in the internal world
o We are in touch with something before the conscious mind was aware of it
Jung believed that synchronicity was due to something in the fourth dimension
Individuation and Transcedence
Individuation is when the systems of the psyche achieve the fullest degree of differentiation,
expression, and development
Trascedence is the integration of the systems of the psyche toward the goal of wholeness and
identity with humanity
Self realization is when both of these happens, and there is a coincidence of opposites (mind vs
body, persona vs shadow etc)
Neurosis results from a one-sided personality development
Jung also believed in a quest for spirituality - search for meaning or for a power beyond hte self
Our longing for the spiritual must be constructive, loving, and self affirming quest or we will bind
new gods such as drugs
Jungian Psychotherapy