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Chapter 10

PSYB30H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 10: Gordon Allport, Emotional Security, Humanistic Psychology

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Marc A Fournier

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Chapter 10 Traits and Psychology
Gordon Allport first to coin term humanistic psychology
Emphasized uniqueness of person
The Nature of Personality
Defined personality as
o Dynamic
o Psychophysical
o Determined
o Organized
o Characteristic (unique)
Suggested that personality is something that is actually there
o Stressed testing it with neurophysiological techniques
Argued for a discontinuity theory
Continuity theory suggests the development of personality is the accumulation of skills, habits,
and discriminations quantative
o Thus is a closed system
Discontinuity theory suggests personality development as transformations as one reaches
higher levels of organizations Qualitative
Freud pointed to discontinuity in his psychosexual stages, but remains semiclosed
A trait is a predisposition to respond to the world in a certain way
Common Traits
A common trait is a construct that allows us to compare individual’s predispositions within a
Personal Predispositions
Is a trait that is unique to the individual
If a personal predisposition is so pervasive that it influences almost every behaviour it is a
cardinal trait
Central dispositions are tendencies of an individual that provide adjectives to describe the
Secondary dispositions are tendencies that are situational and less crucial
o Dominating at home as the role of the father, but submissive when confronted by
The Proprium
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