PSYB30H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 10: Gordon Allport, Emotional Security, Humanistic Psychology

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Gordon allport first to coin term humanistic psychology. Defined personality as: dynamic, psychophysical, determined, organized, characteristic (unique) Suggested that personality is something that is actually there: stressed testing it with neurophysiological techniques. Continuity theory suggests the development of personality is the accumulation of skills, habits, and discriminations quantative: thus is a closed system. Discontinuity theory suggests personality development as transformations as one reaches higher levels of organizations qualitative. Freud pointed to discontinuity in his psychosexual stages, but remains semiclosed. A trait is a predisposition to respond to the world in a certain way. A common trait is a construct that allows us to compare individual"s predispositions within a culture. Is a trait that is unique to the individual. If a personal predisposition is so pervasive that it influences almost every behaviour it is a cardinal trait. Central dispositions are tendencies of an individual that provide adjectives to describe the person.