PSYB30H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 13: Abraham Maslow, Self-Actualization, Wield

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Believed psychoanalysis and behaviourism were too rigid. Study of positive rather than negative side of human nature. Rogers believed behaviour is dependent on person"s perceptions: self is a an element of experience. Motivation is the reduction of tension by satisfying deficit states: d needs come from requirements for survival and safety. Metamotivation is growth tendencies: b needs organisms drive to self actualize reach maximum potential. Motivaiton and d needs have precedence over metamotivations. Within d needs, physiological needs are stronger than safety needs. Hierarchy of needs: physiological needs, safety needs requirement for an orderly, stable and predictable world, belonging and love needs , self esteem needs. Need for self respect: self actualization needs desire to fulfull maximum potential. As each need is satisfied, the higher order need become important. To know and to understand form their own hierarchy of needs: to know is more important. Maslow"s research was not true research: was subjective, no standardized tests, not controlled experiments etc.

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