Textbook Notes (381,228)
CA (168,426)
UTSC (19,325)
Psychology (10,054)
PSYB30H3 (495)
Chapter 1

chapter 1

6 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB30H3
Professor
Marc A Fournier

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Study indi differences- develop ways to classify, categorize, and organize the
diversity of psychological individuality, and they look for biological and
environmental forces and factors that explain those differences
Dispositional Characteristics
Personalized traits- general, internal and comparative dispositions that we attribute
to people in our initial efforts to sort individuals into meaningful behavioural
categories and to account for consistencies we perceive o expect in bhvr from one
situation to the next and over time
The big five trait categories: OCEAN: Openness to experience, conscientiousness,
extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism
Characteristic Adaptations
Trait attributions tell is about trends in bhvr over time and across diff situations,
settings and contexts
Characteristic adaptations are contextualized in time, place and/or role
Characteristic adaptations are contextualized facets of psychological individuality
that speak to motivational, cognitive and developmental concerns in personality
Theories regarding CA are grouped in 3 categories
oHuman motivation- essentially speak to the question of what ppl
fundamentally want or desire in life- specify such CA as human needs, goals,
motives, and strivings
oCognition and personality- underscore the role of cognitive factors- values,
beliefs, expectancies, schemas, plans, personal constructs, cognitive styles- in
human individuality- speak to adaptations such as personal constructs,
beliefs, values, schemas, and personal ideologies
oDevelopmental- focusing on the evolution of the self and its relationship with
from birth to old age address questions of pathways, stages, and
developmental tasks in psychological individuality
oDispositional traits are focused on personality structure while CA places
more emphasis on personality dynamics, process and change.
Integrative life narratives
www.notesolution.com
Identity is the problem of unity and purpose in life, a problem/challenge that many
persons encounter as they move from adolescence into young adulthood
Challenge about identity is to come up with a way of understanding and talking
about the self such that a) despite the many different parts of me I am whole and
coherent, and b) despite the many changes that attend the passage of time, the self
of my past led up to or set the stage for the self of the present, which in turn will
lead up to or set the stage for the self of the future
This can achieved through life history- which is an internalised and involving
narrative of the self that integrates the reconstructed past, perceived present, and
anticipated future in order to provide a life with a sense of unity and purpose
The story is the identity and as the identity changes, it changes the story
REFER to table 1.4
If we know the person well, we should have some sense:
o1) where he or she stands on a series of dispositional traits that speak to
general tendencies in behaviour across situations and over time
o2) how he or she is confronting and adapting to motivational, cognitive, and
developmental tasks and concerns that are contextualized in place, time
and/or role
o3) what kind of identity he or she is articulating in life through the
construction of stories about the self
Science and the Person
There are 3 steps:
o1) Unsystematic observation
An active attempt to discern and then describe organization, pattern,
design, or structure in a phenomenon that initially seems to be
unorganized and without design
Provides the scientific community with articulately described patterns
in the concrete world that can be synthesized into a more general or
abstract theory about how the world works
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Study indi differences- develop ways to classify, categorize, and organize the diversity of psychological individuality, and they look for biological and environmental forces and factors that explain those differences Dispositional Characteristics Personalized traits- general, internal and comparative dispositions that we attribute to people in our initial efforts to sort individuals into meaningful behavioural categories and to account for consistencies we perceive o expect in bhvr from one situation to the next and over time The big five trait categories: OCEAN: Openness to experience, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism Characteristic Adaptations Trait attributions tell is about trends in bhvr over time and across diff situations, settings and contexts Characteristic adaptations are contextualized in time, place andor role Characteristic adaptations are contextualized facets of psychological individuality that speak to motivational, cognitive and developmental concerns in personality Theories regarding CA are grouped in 3 categories o Human motivation- essentially speak to the question of what ppl fundamentally want or desire in life- specify such CA as human needs, goals, motives, and strivings o Cognition and personality- underscore the role of cognitive factors- values, beliefs, expectancies, schemas, plans, personal constructs, cognitive styles- in human individuality- speak to adaptations such as personal constructs, beliefs, values, schemas, and personal ideologies o Developmental- focusing on the evolution of the self and its relationship with from birth to old age address questions of pathways, stages, and developmental tasks in psychological individuality o Dispositional traits are focused on personality structure while CA places more emphasis on personality dynamics, process and change. Integrative life narratives www.notesolution.com
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