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Chapter 10-12

Chapter 10-12

10 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB30H3
Professor
Marc A Fournier

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Chapter 10:Life Scripts, Life Stories
Meaning of stories
narrating mind
oBrunerhumans evolved to interpret exps. though lige stories, 2 ways
Paradigmatic modelook for cause and effect rels.—causal thinking
good story tellers says no more than they mean
narrative mode explained in terms of human actors striving to do
things over time
good storyteller means more than they cansay
healing and integration
ostories work to unity diff. parts of the self
oBettelheimfairytales allow kids to ID wit charac. and work through own
internal conflict
oreasons to write autobio.
allows for a kind of personal intergration
depathologizing of lifeclient and therapist work to prod. a healing
narrative of the self
oRothautobio. to discover facts about how became a writer
oPennebaker—STUDY write story about upsetting event in your life
act of turing memories to words has therapeutic and health benefits
oPennebaker and Beall—STUDY write story about traumatic evern for 4
straight days
4 groups
trauma factual trauma but no feelings
trauma emo. feeling but no facts
trauma combo. feelings and facts
obetter health during next months than other groups
oPennebakerdisclosure helps because not talking requires work and leads to
many stress related issues
narrating allows to face prob. and get over itredxn. in physiol.
arousal
2 things respb.
deg. of neg. emo expressed
extent which traum event reconstructed as well-formed story
Feeling and Story: Tomkins Script Theory
Affects
oaffects (human emo.) are primary motivators of human B
oaffects amplify drives providing them with motivational power
ofaceorg. of emoeach affect linked to move. of muscles in face
oprimary emos.
2 positive interest/excitement, enjoyment
1 either surprise
7 negative distress, anger, disgust, fear, sadness, shame, guilt
www.notesolution.com
all differ by
physiological responses that accompany it
facial response
facial expressions are universally recoged. by diff cultures
diff cults. have diff. display rules= det. approp. of expressing
certain emos. thought facial B in certain situs.
ointerest/excitement 3-4 m of life
serves to focus and maintain attn.
motivates exploratory B
ofear and sadness 6m
resp. to novelty, separation and loss
oshame and guilt 2y
waits for self-consciousness to dev. before expressed
osome affects due to certain beliefs and values
normativism
politically conservative
believe humans are evil and need strong rules and govt.
humanism
politically liberal
humans inherently good, self-expression and love as basic
human values
Scenes and Scripts
oBasic concepts
organizers of life
scene= memo. of spec. event in life that contains at least one affect and
on obj. of that affect
scripts=allow make sense of relations among various scenesrules for
interpret.
short-term effect of scene fxn. of qual. of affect in the scene
long term fxn. of psych. magnification= process of
connecting related scenes into a meaningful pattern
analogs= detection of sims. in diff. exps.
variants=detection of diffs. in diff. exps.
pos emos. linked to BAS and neg. linked to BIS
TaylorSTUDY
neg. affects prod. more cog. activity and effort to engage in
causal reasoning than pos. affect
ways of narrating neg. scenes
discount scene and neg. affect attached
pos. illusions overlook neg. aspect and exaggerate pos.
meaning
autobio. reasoning occurs in 2 steps
onarrator explores neg. scenes in depth
www.notesolution.com
onarrator articulates and commits to pos. resolution of
the event
oTypes of Scripts
commitment script ind. binds self to a life goal that promises the
reward of intense pos. affect
org. scenes around clearly defined goal
little/no conflict in scenes
nuclear scriptmarked by ambiv. and confusion about life goal
begins with nuclear scene= pos. childhood scnee that turns bad
nuc. script evolves as attempt to reverse nuc. scene fail b/c
constantly make analogs to this scene
Narrative Identity
EriksonID configuration integrative life story we begin to construct in late adol.
narrative ID=internalized and evolving story of self person consc, and unconsc.
constructs to bind diff. aspects of self
Development of the Life Story
opersonal fables—firs attempt at life story
=fantastical stories about sel underscoring sense of uniqueness and
destined for great good/badness and forver misunderstood by others
ontologicat strats.= adopt to explan how came to be
dynastic—story about how pos. past given birth to very pos.
current lfie
compensatory—bad past finven birth to good present
olife story schemas= mental struct. of putting a life into story form, for making
narrative ID out of human life not until adols.
Habermas and Bluck
must be able to exercise 4 diff. mental skills first
temporal coherenceconstruct little goal-directed stories about
single ep. in life (JK/SK)
autobio. coherence conform autobio. understanding to soc,s
expectations of the life course
causal coherence connect multiple events in life to single
casual narrative (mid-adols.)
thematic coherence derive gen. theme/principle about self
based on narrated sequence of personal events (late adols.)
evoln. of narrative understanding in kids
2y—emergence of autobio. self
2-3—begin to tell simple stories about own exps.
theory of mind=set of working hyps about how others minds
work
5y—know what stories about about an what should contain
ostrive to create stories that fit simple narrative form
scaffolding=verbal and psych. support that others provide for
kids as kids build own sense of who they are in the world
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Chapter 10:Life Scripts, Life Stories Meaning of stories narrating mind o Brunerhumans evolved to interpret exps. though lige stories, 2 ways Paradigmatic modelook for cause and effect rels.causal thinking good story tellers says no more than they mean narrative mode explained in terms of human actors striving to do things over time good storyteller means more than they cansay healing and integration o stories work to unity diff. parts of the self o Bettelheimfairytales allow kids to ID wit charac. and work through own internal conflict o reasons to write autobio. allows for a kind of personal intergration depathologizing of lifeclient and therapist work to prod. a healing narrative of the self o Rothautobio. to discover facts about how became a writer o PennebakerSTUDY write story about upsetting event in your life act of turing memories to words has therapeutic and health benefits o Pennebaker and BeallSTUDY write story about traumatic evern for 4 straight days 4 groups trauma factual trauma but no feelings trauma emo. feeling but no facts trauma combo. feelings and facts o better health during next months than other groups o Pennebakerdisclosure helps because not talking requires work and leads to many stress related issues narrating allows to face prob. and get over itredxn. in physiol. arousal 2 things respb. deg. of neg. emo expressed extent which traum event reconstructed as well-formed story Feeling and Story: Tomkins Script Theory Affects o affects (human emo.) are primary motivators of human B o affects amplify drives providing them with motivational power o faceorg. of emoeach affect linked to move. of muscles in face o primary emos. 2 positive interestexcitement, enjoyment 1 either surprise 7 negative distress, anger, disgust, fear, sadness, shame, guilt www.notesolution.com
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