Chapter 1 Notes

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Published on 14 May 2011
School
UTSC
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB32H3
PSYB32 – Textbook Notes
DIDN’T READ THE BRAIN SECTION OF THE NOTES
CHAPTER 1
What is abnormal behaviour?
-Defined as having the follow characteristics: Statistical infrequency, violation of norms,
personal distress, disability/dysfunction, unexpectedness
Statistical Infrequency
Behaviour that isinfrequent
Deviation from the normal curve which is what most people fall under.
Used explicitly in diagnosing mental retardation
Violation of Norms
Weather the behaviour violates social norms or threatens/makes anxious those that are
observing it.
Cultural diversity can effect how people view cultural norms
Personal Distress
Does the behaviour cause the person distress?
some disorders do not involve personal distress, like psychopaths are cold but feel no guilt
Disability or Dysfunction
Impairment in some form of life because of an abnormaility
substance use disorders
ex. Transvestites are considered a mental disorder but suffer no disability
Unexpectedness
Distress is considered abnormal when it is an unexpected response to an environmental
stressor
ex. A person anxious about his finances when he is well off.
The Mental Health Professions
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Document Summary

Didn"t read the brain section of the notes. Defined as having the follow characteristics: statistical infrequency, violation of norms, personal distress, disability/dysfunction, unexpectedness.  deviation from the normal curve which is what most people fall under.  weather the behaviour violates social norms or threatens/makes anxious those that are observing it.  cultural diversity can effect how people view cultural norms.  some disorders do not involve personal distress, like psychopaths are cold but feel no guilt.  impairment in some form of life because of an abnormaility. Transvestites are considered a mental disorder but suffer no disability.  distress is considered abnormal when it is an unexpected response to an environmental stressor. A person anxious about his finances when he is well off. Clinical psychologist: requires a ph. d, has to learn to diagnose patients and practice psychotherapy, which is a verbal means of helping the troubled patient change his thoughts to reduce distress.