Chapter 1 Notes
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PSYB32 – Textbook Notes
DIDN’T READ THE BRAIN SECTION OF THE NOTES
What is abnormal behaviour?
-Defined as having the follow characteristics: Statistical infrequency, violation of norms,
personal distress, disability/dysfunction, unexpectedness
Behaviour that is “infrequent”
Deviation from the normal curve which is what most people fall under.
Used explicitly in diagnosing mental retardation
Violation of Norms
Weather the behaviour violates social norms or threatens/makes anxious those that are
Cultural diversity can effect how people view cultural norms
Does the behaviour cause the person distress?
some disorders do not involve personal distress, like psychopaths are cold but feel no guilt
Disability or Dysfunction
Impairment in some form of life because of an abnormaility
substance use disorders
ex. Transvestites are considered a mental disorder but suffer no disability
Distress is considered abnormal when it is an unexpected response to an environmental
ex. A person anxious about his finances when he is well off.
The Mental Health Professions
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