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Chapter 1

Study Guide of Chapter 1 for PSYB32


Course Code
Konstantine Zakzanis

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Chapter 1
What is Abnormal Behavior?
Psychopathology- the field concerned with the nature and development of abnormal
behavior, thoughts, and feelings.
- is a study for the search for why people behave, think, and feel in
unexpected, sometimes bizarre, and typically self-defeating ways.
Abnormal Behavior- includes characteristics such as
Statistical infrequency- an assertion that a person is normal implies that he
or she does not deviate much from the average in a
particular trait or behavior pattern. Someone who
does deviate from the average is considered
Violation of norms- someone who that threatens or makes anxious those
observing it. What is the norm in one culture might
be considered abnormal in another culture.
Personal distress-behavior is abnormal if it creates create distress or
torment in the person experiencing it.
Disability of Dysfunction- Disability that is impairment in some important
area of life because of an abnormality
Unexpectedness- Distress and disability are considered abnormal when
they are unexpected responses to environmental stressors.
Diagnosis- the skills necessary to determine that a patient’s symptoms or problems
indicate a particular disorder.
Psychotherapy-a verbal means for helping trouble individuals change their thoughts,
feelings, and behaviour to reduce distress and to achieve greater life satisfaction.
-many early philosophers, theologians, and physicians who studied the troubled mind
believed that deviancy reflected the displeasure of the gods or possession by demons
Demonology- the doctrine that an evil being, such as the devil, may dwell within a person
and control his or her mind and body.
Exorcism-the casting out of evil spirits by ritualistic chanting or torture
Trepanning of Skulls- the marking of a surgical opening ina living skull by some
- it was presumed that the individual would return to a normal state
by creating an opening through which evil spirits could escape.
Somatorgenesis- the notion that something is wrong with the soma, or physical body,
disturbs thought and action
- This was viewed by the Hippocrates.
Psychogenesis- in contrast, is the belief that a disturbance has psychological origins.
-witch craft arises during the thirteenth century when Europeans became obsessed with
the devil, however witchcraft was not viewed as instigated by Satan.
-witchcraft as seen as a heresy and a denial of God.
-Beginning of 13th century, “lunacy” trials to determine a person’s sanity were held in
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