PSYB32H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Intellectual Disability, Abnormal Psychology, Anxiety Disorder

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13 Feb 2019
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Chapter 1 introduction: definitional & historical considerations, & canada"s. Abnormal behavior: statistical infrequency, violation of norms, personal distress, disability or dysfunction and unexpectedness. Statistical infrequency: abnormal behavior is infrequent in the general population. Normal curve/ bell-shaped curved: majority of people in the middle for any particular characteristic. Normal: does not deviate much from the average in a particular trait or behavior pattern. Used in diagnosing mental retardation (low intelligence is a principal factor) Some abnormalities, such as great athletic ability is not regarded to be the part of abnormal psychology. Infrequent behaviors such as hallucinations or deep depression falls into the domain. This statistical test assists us little in determining which infrequent behaviors should be studied. Violation of norms: threatens or makes those observing anxious. Depends on culture; what is a norm in one culture may be abnormal in another. Personal suffering: abnormal is creates distress and torment in the person experiencing it (anxiety, depression)

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