Omnibus Personality Measures
The Personality Assessment Inventory
•The Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) is a 344 item self-report questionnaire
that attempts to understand an individual’s personality traits and characteristics.
•Renders diagnostic considerations based on the DSM-IV.
•Diagnostic considerations involve Axis I and Axis II disorders personality disorders
•Provides clinical and validity scales
•Has screening measure to make assessment more efficient, 22 items vs. 344 items
Interpreting Test Results
We used satisitcal infrequenceies, the test is normed or standardized it means
that all these pshygoloistal test were gi!ven to group s of people and measured
and they give these test to normal individual and to gethte lowerst possible score
would be and they also five it to patients with depression.
The concept of normative comparison…
Pai test scores on graphs1! Icn- inconsistnacy. Inf – in frequent
The notion that highly unstructured stimuli are necessary to bypass defenses in order to
reveal unconscious motives and conflicts.
Tests of personality that involve use of unstructured stimulus materials. Use of such
materials maximizes the role of internal factors such as emotions and motives in
Rorschach Inkblot Test
A projective test in which the subject is instructed to interpret a series of ten inkblots
(monochromatic and coloured) reproduced on cards.
Technique consists soliciting a number of responses, and then afterwards asking the person
to explain their answer(s)
Scored on a variety of elements including number of response, “popularity” of response,
response to colour = indicative of emotional control, shading = anxiety, focus on space =
Thematic Apperception Test
A projective test consisting of a set of 31 black-and-white pictures reproduced on cards, each
depicting a potentially emotion-laden situation
The examinee, presented with the cards one at a time, is instructed to make up a story
about each situation
The actual subset of cards is personalized for the individual
Look for and interpret in regards to consistent or unusual thematic content
Specific Psychological Inventories
Thousands of measures assessing every type of psychopathology
Trauma Symptom Inventory