Chapter 7 Notes

11 views2 pages
Published on 5 Mar 2011
School
UTSC
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB32H3
Chapter 7: SOMATOFORM AND DISSOCIATIVE DISORDERS:
Somatoform Disorders:
- pain disorder: psychological factors on the onset and maintenance of pain.
- body dysmorphic d: preoccupation with imagined/exaggerated defects in personal app
- Hypochondriasis: preoccupied with fears of having a serious illness.
- conversion disorder: sensory/motor symps w/o any physiological cause.
- somatization: multiple physical complaints with no bio. basis.
"soma" means body.
In Dissociative disorders, person experiences disruptions in memory/identity.
Both Can occur through stressful experiences. Much controversy around causes and
treatment.
Somato can come in two forms 1) distress in the form of anxiety and depression. 2)
thoughts/intentions not consciously recognized.
Hypochondriacs usually overreact to simple sensations in the body. Frequent visitors of
clinics, likely have mood/anxiety disorders.
Conversion Disorder -
- sudden loss of visual or paralysis [anesthesias].
- appear in sudden situations. Stress/Hysteria. Co-morbid with axis I diagnosis'. Notably
borderline and histrionic.
- Conversion is hard to distinguish from malingering. fakes to escape a responsibility.
La belle indifference is when you hide your openness about your disease to avoid the
risk of ruining your lie.
- Facticious disorder is when the individual wants to assume to role of a patient for no
good reason and fakes a disease/disorder.
[Briquet syndrome now referred to as] Somatization disorder:
- multiple complaints of recurrent pains without physical cause.
- to meet criteria 1) four pain symptoms in diff locations. 2) two gastrointestinal symps
(diarrhea, nausea). 3) one sexual symp. 4) one pseudoneurological sympt. (convesion).
- begins early adulthood and is on and off.
Etiology of Soma Disorders:
- high levels of cortical = sane with high levels of stress.
CBT is effective in getting rid of Hypochondriacs.
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Document Summary

Pain disorder: psychological factors on the onset and maintenance of pain. Body dysmorphic d: preoccupation with imagined/exaggerated defects in personal app. Hypochondriasis: preoccupied with fears of having a serious illness. Conversion disorder: sensory/motor symps w/o any physiological cause. Somatization: multiple physical complaints with no bio. basis. In dissociative disorders, person experiences disruptions in memory/identity. Somato can come in two forms 1) distress in the form of anxiety and depression. Hypochondriacs usually overreact to simple sensations in the body. Frequent visitors of clinics, likely have mood/anxiety disorders. Sudden loss of visual or paralysis [anesthesias]. Conversion is hard to distinguish from malingering. fakes to escape a responsibility. La belle indifference is when you hide your openness about your disease to avoid the risk of ruining your lie. Facticious disorder is when the individual wants to assume to role of a patient for no good reason and fakes a disease/disorder. [briquet syndrome now referred to as] somatization disorder: