Textbook Notes (280,000)
CA (160,000)
UTSC (20,000)
Psychology (10,000)
PSYB32H3 (1,000)
Chapter 5

PSYB32H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 5: Mental Disorder


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB32H3
Professor
Konstantine Zakzanis
Chapter
5

Page:
of 2
Self-test, Chapter 5
Multiple Choice
1.A sudden insight is sometimes the reason for new theories
2.B Theory is an explanation for phenomena(behaviour), and in this case praise the
inferred concept
3.B
4.B
5.Parental mental disorder and severe abuse are the strongest risk factors according to
Ontario study
6.B
7.D
8.B
9.A
10.C
11.B
12.B
Short Answers
1.A theoretical concept in order to justify a temporal (current) gap (of knowledge)
2. It can show rare cases and exceptions
3.Epidemiological research is more appropriate for large scale and multiple
correlates
4.Abuse as a child was correlated with a mental disorders. 38% of people with 2 or
more disorders were abused as children, 21% w/ one disorder and 10% of healthy
5.Directionality problem is a problem with correlation. We dont know if one
variable led to another or the first variable led to the second.
www.notesolution.com
6.Experiments are internally valid if the independent variable can be said to have
a significant effect on the dependent variable. That is to say the experiment was
valid. The experimental group differed from the controlled
7.The professor could have someone else remove the names and mark the essays
8.Because it is hard to generalize in all situations and internally valid experiments
arent always externally valid. We can repeat the experiment in new situations
with different participations.
9. If we use phenomena that is similar to the phenomena we want to know about. If
its applicable to real world
The way results are used, what it implies and what situations it applies to (is it
applicable to real life)
10.We can reverse the manipulation
11.Using a correlational (classificatory variable) and using a independent variable
on them. E.g. different types of disorders and applying diff treatments
12.Smith et al. meta analyzed 475 psychotherapy outcome studies involving 25,000
patients and 1,700 effect sizes and concluded patients who get treatment were
better off and all therapies worked equally well.
www.notesolution.com