PSYB32H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 6: Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Anxiety Disorder

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Social phobias: social phobias are fears linked to the presence of other people. Psychoanalytical theories: according to freud, phobias are a defence against the anxiety produced by repressed id impulses. Behavioural theories: behavioural theories focus on how phobias are acquired through learning their function. Avoidance conditioning: phobias develop from two related sets of learning, via classical conditioning if it is paired with an unpleasant event. A person learns to fear neutral stimulus: via operant conditioning by the reinforcing consequence of reducing fear. The avoidance response it maintained: all fears and phobias are not acquired through classical conditioning, some phobias are reported after a painful experience (neutral stimulus paired with unpleasant event) and some are not (below) A child may come to fear something after parents repeatedly warn of dire consequences (anxious-rearing model) Observing fear responses only operate for certain prepared stimuli. This sometimes leads to intrusive thoughts associated with ocd.