Textbook Notes (380,815)
CA (168,231)
UTSC (19,296)
Psychology (10,044)
PSYB45H3 (1,085)
Chapter 2

Behaviour Modficiation - Chapter 2 Book Notes

8 Pages
68 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB45H3
Professor
Zachariah Campbell

This preview shows pages 1-3. Sign up to view the full 8 pages of the document.
2
Observing and Recording Behaviour
Measurement of the target behaviour is called behavioural assessment, which is important for many
reasons:
Measuring the behaviour before treatment provides information to determine whether treatment is
necessary
Behavioural assessment provides information that helps you choose the best treatment
Measuring the target behaviour before and after treatment allows you to determine whether the
behaviour changes after the treatment was brought forward
There are two types of behavioural assessment, direct and indirect
Indirect assessment: involves using interviews, questionnaires, and rating scales to obtain
information on the target behaviour from the person exhibiting the behaviour
oInformation on the target behaviour depends on peoples memories
oMay not notice all the occurrences of the behaviour
Direct assessment: a person observes and records the target behaviour as it occurs
oUsually more accurate, because the observer is trained to observe the target behaviour and record
its occurrence immediately
The steps for observing and recording the target behaviour include: defining the target behaviour,
determining the logistics of recording, choosing a recording method, and choosing a recording instrument
Defining the Target Behaviour
Must identify what the person says or does that constitutes the behavioural excess or deficit
targeted for change
A behavioural definition includes active verbs describing specific behaviours, and is objective and
unambiguous. Also, does not make inferences about a persons intentions
Does not include internal states, because they cannot be observed and recorded
www.notesolution.com
2
Behaviour must be defined before it can be observed and recorded
Labels are ambiguous, as they mean different things to different people
Interobserver reliability/agreement: when two people independently observe the same
behaviour and both record that the behaviour occurred
Researchers in behaviour modification define the target behaviours of people for whom they
provide treatment
The Logistics of Recording
The Observer
Must have proximity to the client when the behaviour occurs, unless it is observed via video
Must be trained to identify the occurrence of the target behaviour and to record behaviour quickly
Must be willing to function as an observer
Self monitoring: when the client observes and records his or her behaviour
oMay also be combined with direct observation by another observer
oThe client must be trained to record his or her own behaviour
When and Where to Record
The observer records the target behaviour in a specific period called the observation period
Indirect assessment may indicate the best times to schedule the observation
Also determined by the availability of the observer and the constraints imposed by the clients
activities
Consent must be provided before observing and recording can take place
Natural setting: consists of the places in which the target behaviour typically occurs
Observing a target behaviour in a clinic playroom is a contrived setting, since the clinic is not
part of the childs routine
Although observation in natural setting provides a more representative sample of the target
behaviour, a contrived setting is more controlled and the variables that influence the behaviours
www.notesolution.com
2
are easier to manipulate
Observation of the target behaviour can be structured or unstructured
Structured the observer arranges for specific activities to occur during the observation period
Unstructured no specific events or activities are given during the observation period
For behaviours that occur with high frequency, the client would record the behaviour during observation
periods agreed on in advance with the psychologist
The observation periods are brief, 15-30 minutes
When observations occur in natural settings, researchers choose observation periods that are
representative of the usual occurrence of the target behaviour
When observations occur in contrived settings (referred to as analogous settings), researchers simulate
events that are likely to occur in natural settings. The behaviour will occur at different rates in observation
periods that simulated different events or activities
Choosing a Recording Method
Different methods include continuous recording, product recording, interval recording, and time sample
recording
Continuous recording
The observer observes the client continuously throughout the observation period and records each
occurrence of the behaviour
Must identify the onset and offset of each instance of the behaviour
Can record various dimensions of the target behaviour (frequency, duration, intensity and latency)
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
2 Observing and Recording Behaviour Measurement of the target behaviour is called behavioural assessment, which is important for many reasons: Measuring the behaviour before treatment provides information to determine whether treatment is necessary Behavioural assessment provides information that helps you choose the best treatment Measuring the target behaviour before and after treatment allows you to determine whether the behaviour changes after the treatment was brought forward There are two types of behavioural assessment, direct and indirect Indirect assessment: involves using interviews, questionnaires, and rating scales to obtain information on the target behaviour from the person exhibiting the behaviour o Information on the target behaviour depends on peoples memories o May not notice all the occurrences of the behaviour Direct assessment: a person observes and records the target behaviour as it occurs o Usually more accurate, because the observer is trained to observe the target behaviour and record its occurrence immediately The steps for observing and recording the target behaviour include: defining the target behaviour, determining the logistics of recording, choosing a recording method, and choosing a recording instrument Defining the Target Behaviour Must identify what the person says or does that constitutes the behavioural excess or deficit targeted for change A behavioural definition includes active verbs describing specific behaviours, and is objective and unambiguous. Also, does not make inferences about a persons intentions Does not include internal states, because they cannot be observed and recorded www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document


Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit