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PSYB45H3 (1,085)
Chapter 12

Behaviour Modficiation - Chapter 12 Book Notes

8 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB45H3
Professor
Zachariah Campbell

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12
Behavioral Skills Training Procedures
Behavioral skills training procedures include modeling, instructions, rehearsal, and feedback
Generally used together in training sessions to help the learner acquire useful skills
Are typically used to teach skills that can simulated in a role-play context
Examplemodeling, instructions, rehearsal, and feedback can be used to teach abduction
prevention skills to children
The children watched two trainers act out a scene, were given instructions on how to react when
an abductor approaches them, and were given a chance to rehearse a scene with classmates
The trainer praised the child for correct performance, but if the response was only partly correct,
the trained provided further instructions and modeling
Components of the Behavioral Skills Training Procedure
Modeling
Modeling: where the correct behavior is demonstrated for the learner
The learner must have an imitative repertoire; the learner has to be able to pay attention to the
model and perform the demonstrated behavior
Reinforcement for imitation usually begins early in a childs life
A childs behavior of imitating models is reinforced many times in the presence of various
behaviors model by people
Thus, a models behavior becomes an SD for imitation, and imitation becomes a generalized
response class
Model may be live or symbolic
Live modeling: another individual demonstrates the appropriate behavior in the appropriate
situation
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12
Symbolic modeling: the correct behavior is demonstrated on videotape, audiotape, or in a cartoon
or a movie
Researchers found that the children who received the modeling, instructions, rehearsal, and
feedback learned the abduction prevention skills better than the children who only received
instructions and modeling without the chance for rehearsal and feedback
The factors which influence the effectiveness of modeling include:
The models demonstration should result in a successful outcome (a reinforcer) for the model
The model should resemble the people observing the model (such as the same age group) or
should have high status (such as a teacher)
The complexity of the behavior should be appropriate to the developmental or ability level of the
learner
The learner has to pay attention to the model to learn the behavior being modeled
The modeled behavior must occur in the proper context (in response to relevant SD)
The behavior should be modeled in the real situation or the context of a role-play of the real
situation
Examplethe children saw the abduction skills modeled in response to abduction lures from an
adult (the situation in which they would be needed)
Modeled behavior should be repeated as often for the learner
The behavior should be modeled in various ways and various situations to enhance generalization
The leaner should rehearse the behavior as soon as possible after observing the model
Correct imitation for the model behavior should be reinforced immediately
Instructions
Instructions: describe the appropriate behavior for the learner
Should be specific
Should describe exactly the behaviors that are expected from the learner
Should specify the appropriate circumstances in which the learner is expected to engage in the
behavior
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12
The factors which influence the effectiveness of instructions include:
Should be presented at a level that the learner can understand
Should be delivered by someone who has credibility
Should have the opportunity to rehearse the behavior as soon as possible after receiving the
instructions
Should be given only when the learner is paying attention
The learner should repeated the instructions so that teacher can be sure that the learner heard the
instructions correctly
Repetition increases the chance that the learner will be able to repeat the instructions later to self-
prompt the behavior
Rehearsal
Rehearsal: the opportunity for the learner to practice the behavior after receiving instructions or watching
a model
The trainer cannot be sure that the learner has learned the behavior until the teacher sees the
learner rehearse
Provides an opportunity to reinforce behavior
Provides an opportunity to assess and correct errors in the performance of the behavior
The factors which influence the effectiveness of rehearsal include:
Should be rehearsed in the proper context since it will facilitate generalization
Should be programmed for success
After success with easy behaviors, the learners can practice more difficult behaviors
Thus, rehearsing becomes reinforcing causing the learners to continue practicing
Correct behaviors should always be reinforced immediately
Rehearsal that are partly correct or incorrect should be followed by corrective feedback
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Description
12 Behavioral Skills Training Procedures Behavioral skills training procedures include modeling, instructions, rehearsal, and feedback Generally used together in training sessions to help the learner acquire useful skills Are typically used to teach skills that can simulated in a role-play context Example modeling, instructions, rehearsal, and feedback can be used to teach abduction prevention skills to children The children watched two trainers act out a scene, were given instructions on how to react when an abductor approaches them, and were given a chance to rehearse a scene with classmates The trainer praised the child for correct performance, but if the response was only partly correct, the trained provided further instructions and modeling Components of the Behavioral Skills Training Procedure Modeling Modeling: where the correct behavior is demonstrated for the learner The learner must have an imitative repertoire; the learner has to be able to pay attention to the model and perform the demonstrated behavior Reinforcement for imitation usually begins early in a childs life A childs behavior of imitating models is reinforced many times in the presence of various behaviors model by people Thus, a models behavior becomes an S for imitation, and imitation becomes a generalized response class Model may be live or symbolic Live modeling: another individual demonstrates the appropriate behavior in the appropriate situation www.notesolution.com
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