Textbook Notes (378,598)
CA (167,188)
UTSC (19,212)
Psychology (9,983)
PSYB45H3 (1,085)
Chapter 24

Behaviour Modficiation - Chapter 24 Book Notes

7 Pages
123 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB45H3
Professor
Zachariah Campbell

This preview shows pages 1-2. Sign up to view the full 7 pages of the document.
CHAPTER 24: FEAR AND ANXIETY REDUCTION PROCEDURES
Fear and anxiety reduction procedures are based on principles of operant and responding
conditioning
Examples of Fear and Anxiety Reduction
Allison experienced intense fear reactions whenever she saw a spider
She experienced rapid heartbeat, muscle tensions, sweating, etc.
The only way that Allison could get relief was to get away from the spider or see it killed
The doctor uses relaxation exercises while gradually approaching the spider in sessions
By the end of the treatment, she was able to get close enough to a spider & kill it herself
while reporting a low fear rating
Defining Fear and Anxiety Problems
Fear: composed of both operant and respondent behaviour
When the stimulus is present, the person experiences unpleasant bodily responses and
engages in escape or avoidance behaviour
The bodily responses are respondent behaviours, also called anxiety
The autonomic nervous system arousal involved in anxiety is an establishing operation
that makes it more likely that the individual will engage in escape or avoidance behaviour
Allisons Case
CS the presence of a spider
CR unpleasant sensations
Operant behaviour running away when she sees the spider
The behaviours of screaming and running away are negatively reinforced by the removal,
www.notesolution.com
or escape from, the spider and the reduction in anxiety
Procedures to Reduce Fear and Anxiety
Procedures involve relaxation training, systematic desensitization, and in vivo desensitization,
and are based on principles of respondent conditioning, operant conditioning, or a combination
of both
Relaxation Training
Strategies that people use to decrease the autonomic arousal associated with fear &
anxiety problems
Relaxation techniques produce bodily responses such as decreases in muscle tension, and
heart rate
Once the client produces opposite bodily responses, anxiety decreases
Four types of relaxation technique include: progressive muscle relaxation, diaphragmatic
breathing, attention-focusing exercises, and behavioural relaxation-technique
1) Progressive muscle relaxation
Progressive muscle relaxation (PMR): the client systematically tenses & relaxes
each of the major muscle groups in the body
Leaves the muscle more relaxed than in their initial state
First described by Edmund Jacobson
The client must first learn how to tense & relax each of the major muscle
The relaxation exercise should be conducted in a comfortable position, in a quiet
place
The client should close his/her eyes and tense & relax each muscle group
The muscles are tensed tightly for about 5 seconds, and then abruptly released
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
CHAPTER 24: FEAR AND ANXIETY REDUCTION PROCEDURES Fear and anxiety reduction procedures are based on principles of operant and responding conditioning Examples of Fear and Anxiety Reduction Allison experienced intense fear reactions whenever she saw a spider She experienced rapid heartbeat, muscle tensions, sweating, etc. The only way that Allison could get relief was to get away from the spider or see it killed The doctor uses relaxation exercises while gradually approaching the spider in sessions By the end of the treatment, she was able to get close enough to a spider & kill it herself while reporting a low fear rating Defining Fear and Anxiety Problems Fear: composed of both operant and respondent behaviour When the stimulus is present, the person experiences unpleasant bodily responses and engages in escape or avoidance behaviour The bodily responses are respondent behaviours, also called anxiety The autonomic nervous system arousal involved in anxiety is an establishing operation that makes it more likely that the individual will engage in escape or avoidance behaviour Allisons Case CS the presence of a spider CR unpleasant sensations Operant behaviour running away when she sees the spider The behaviours of screaming and running away are negatively reinforced by the removal, www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document


Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit