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Chapter 20

Behaviour Modficiation - Chapter 20 Book Notes

3 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB45H3
Professor
Zachariah Campbell

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Chapter 20 Self Management
Self-management: when a person uses behaviour modification procedures to
change his/her own behaviour
oGoal is to increase the current level of the deficit behaviour, or decrease the
current level of excess behaviour
oThe problem behaviour continues to occur, because it is reinforced immediately,
whereas the negative consequences will arrive later, and alternative behaviours
are not present
oTemporal discounting: the longer the delay between the behaviour + the
consequence, the less likely the consequence will function as a reinforcer
Self-management occurs when a person engages in a behaviour at one time to
control the occurrence of another behaviour (target behaviour) at a later time
oSkinner self-management involves a controlling behaviour & a controlled
behaviour
1.Controlling behaviour: influences the future occurrence of the controlled
behaviour
2.Controlled behaviour: involves implementing self-management strategies in
which the antecedents & consequences or alternative behaviours are modified
Types of Self-Management Strategies
1.Goal-setting & self-monitoring
oGoal setting: writing down the criterion level of the target behaviour + the time
frame for the occurrence of the behaviour
Ex setting a goal for the number of days you are going run
The goal for each day acts a cue for you run on that day
oSelf-monitoring: record each instance of the target behaviour it as it occurs
Allows you to evaluate progress toward the goal
Often reactive: results in a beneficial change in the target behaviour
Ex - Anne self-monitors her cleaning behaviour, thus she is more likely to
increase this behaviour, even before other strategies are implemented
2.Antecedent manipulations
oThe modification of the environment in some way before the target behaviour
occurs to influence the future occurrence of the target behaviour
o6 types of antecedent manipulations increase the likelihood of a target behaviour:
Presenting the SD or cue for the desirable behaviour, ex: post it notes
Removing the SD or cues for competing undesirable behaviour
Arranging an establishing operation for competing behaviours
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Description
Chapter 20 Self Management Self-management: when a person uses behaviour modification procedures to change hisher own behaviour o Goal is to increase the current level of the deficit behaviour, or decrease the current level of excess behaviour o The problem behaviour continues to occur, because it is reinforced immediately, whereas the negative consequences will arrive later, and alternative behaviours are not present o Temporal discounting: the longer the delay between the behaviour + the consequence, the less likely the consequence will function as a reinforcer Self-management occurs when a person engages in a behaviour at one time to control the occurrence of another behaviour (target behaviour) at a later time o Skinner self-management involves a controlling behaviour & a controlled behaviour 1. Controlling behaviour: influences the future occurrence of the controlled behaviour 2. Controlled behaviour: involves implementing self-management strategies in which the antecedents & consequences or alternative behaviours are modified Types of Self-Management Strategies 1. Goal-setting & self-monitoring
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