Textbook Notes (280,000)
CA (170,000)
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PSYB45H3 (1,000)
Chapter 2

Chapter 2 Notes


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB45H3
Professor
Zachariah Campbell
Chapter
2

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Chapter 2: Observing and Recording Behaviour
Behaviour assessment: measurement of target behaviour
Important for:
oDeciding if treatment is necessary
oChoosing best treatment
oSeeing if behaviour changed after treatment
DIRECT AND INDIRECT ASSESSMENT
Indirect Assessment: Uses interviews, questionnaires and rating scales to get info
about target behaviour
o Can get info from others or the target person
oThis info is from the past
oE.g. asking teacher how child interacts w/ other kids
Direct assessment: observe and record target behaviour as it happens
oMust have precise definition of target behaviour to record it
oMore accurate
oE.g. psychologist watches shy child interact
Steps for developing behaviour recording plan
1.Define target behaviour
2.Determine logistics of recording
3.Choosing recording method
4.Choosing recording instrument
DEFINING THE TARGET BEHAVIOUR
Target behaviour is defined by excess/deficit targeted for change
oIs action
oOjective and unambiguous
oE.g. unsportsmanlike behaviour (target) may be defined as yelling and
swearing on way to bench
oIs not internal state, intention or label b/c they cant be observed
Good behavioural definition has high interobserver reliability
interobserver reliability: diff people observe same defined behaviour happening
oe.g. both people see swearing from baseball player
THE LOGISTICS OF RECORDING
The Observer
observer is usually separate from person w/ target behaviour
omust be trained to observe target behaviour and record it
ousually physically close to person unless using video
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