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Chapter 17

PSYB45H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 17: Goal Setting, Rein, Flight Controller


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB45H3
Professor
Jessica Dere
Chapter
17

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B45 CHAPTER 17
PART III – CAPITALIZING ON ANTECEDENT CONTROL PROCEDURES
CHAPTER 17: ANTECEDENT CONTROL: RULES AND GOALS
Antecedent Control
Antecedent stim exert control over our behav. (antecedent control)
Treatment packages that focus on the manipulation of antecedent stimuli fall into the categories
of rules, goals, modeling, physical guidance, situational inducement, and motivation
Rules
deff: behav will lead to a consequence. some behav will pay off & some wont
A rule can function as an SD— emitting tht behav will lead to rein
Partial rules: rules tht dont identify all three aspects of a contingency of rein
Contingency-Shaped Versus Rule-Governed Behaviour
oContingency-shaped behavior: behav develops due ti trial and error (due to its
immediate consequences)
oRule-governed behavior: behav controlled by a rule (involves delayed consequences)
oDescriptive praise - good girl for cleaning your room - (aka: behaviour-specific praise) is
better than general praise (good girl)
Rules are helpful when:
oWhen Rapid Behavior Change is Desirable
oWhen Consequences are delayed
oWhen Natural Reinforcers are Highly Intermittent
oWhen behav will lead 2 immediate & severe punishment (ppl learn faster “the hard way”)
Why Rules Control Our Behaviour
oIf rule is followed sometimes immediate verbal rein is obtained & the opposite as well
oTendency since past tht following rules is automatically strengthened and failure to
follow rules is automatically punished.
oWhen you comply with rule = anxiety decreases and maintained by escape conditioning
Effective and Ineffective Rules - Specific (r more effective) vs vague rules
oSpecific description of behav needed is more effective than vague (can you clean up the
kitchen vs can yo clean)
oSpecific Versus Vague Descriptions of Circumstances
oProbable Versus Improbable Consequences (I will take your phone away vs Ill smack you
till you bleed)
oLarge Consequences Vs Small Consequences (but accumulation is significant - however
less effective) - cuz they dont affect me if they are too small, and its only significantly
affecting me after a delay vs an immediate large one
!1
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