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Chapter 28

PSYB45H3 Chapter Notes - Chapter 28: Sexual Dysfunction, Smoking Cessation, Anorexia Nervosa


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB45H3
Professor
Jessica Dere
Chapter
28

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CHAPTER 28 - PSYB45
CHAPTER 28: PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS TREATED BY BEHAVIORAL AND COGNITIVE
BEHAVIORAL THERAPIES
Empirically Supported Treatments (ESTs): specific treatments that have been shown to be efficacious
in controlled clinical trials
Anxiety Disorders
Anxiety disorders are classified into several broad categories:
1. Specific phobias
2. Panic disorder
3. Agoraphobia
4. Generalized anxiety disorder
5. Obsessive-compulsive disorder
6. Posttraumatic stress disorder
Specific Phobias
An intense, irrational, incapacitating fear of a stimulus class
Specific phobias types: animal type, natural environment type, blood-injury-infection type,
situational type and other type
Treatment
Counterconditioning: exposing patient to feared stim while conditioning another response to it
Systematic desensitization: imagining in a relaxed state the items in a fear hierarchy
Flooding: exposure to a strongly feared stimulus (at or close to its full intensity or through
graded levels of exposure) for an extended period of time
Participant modeling: client imitates another individual approaching a feared object
Nonexposure approaches - exposure in imagination or in vivo - ACT
Panic Disorder and Agoraphobia
Panic disorder: susceptibility to panic attacks
Agoraphobia: intense fear of public outdoor spaces
Treatment
CBT: includes a behavioral component involving exposure to feared situations, and a cognitive
component to help change the client’s misconceptions about panic attacks
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
Person is constantly worrying and feeling intensely anxious about potential events that most
people would consider trivial
Treatment
Cognitive and behavioural therapies
oExposure therapy (behavioural component)
oCognitive techniques may be used to challenge and change the client’s belief in the
importance of the things worried about
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Person experiences unwanted intrusive thoughts (obsession) then feels impelled to engage in
unproductive repetitive behavior (compulsion)
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