Textbook Notes (378,537)
CA (167,156)
UTSC (19,214)
Psychology (9,984)
PSYB45H3 (1,085)
Chapter 1

Study Guide For Chapter 1

3 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB45H3
Professor
Christian Campbell

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Chapter 1: Introduction
What is Behaviour?
- Behaviour modification is applicable to the entire range of human behaviour
- It is anything that a person says or does
- Getting an A in a course and losing weight are products of behaviour
- Overt behaviours
o Visible behaviour
o Can be observed and recorded by an individual other than the one performing the
behaviour
- Covert Behaviour
o Private or internal
o These are activities that cannot be observed by others
o These are not behaviours done in private nor are they secretive actions
o These are activities that occur “within one’s skin” and therefore require special
instrument for others to observe
o For example, measuring someone’s heart rate before skating
- Private self talk
o Sometimes when we think and talk in private
o Referred to as overt behaviour as well as cognitive behaviours
- Dimensions of behaviour are characteristics of behaviour that can be measured
o Duration
! Is the length of time that it lasts
o Frequency
! Number of instances that occur in a given period of time
o Intensity or force
! Physical efforts or energy involved in emitting the behaviour
Disadvantages of labelling an Abnormal Behaviour
- Pseudoexplanation
o False explanation of behaviour such as diagnosing a child as dyslexic based on
little information
o Another name is circular reasoning
- Labels can negatively affect the way an individual is treated
- It may direct focus on individual’s problem behaviour rather than his/her strength
This book focuses on the importance of:
- Behaviour deficit
o Too little behaviour of a particular type
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Description
Chapter 1: Introduction What is Behaviour? - Behaviour modification is applicable to the entire range of human behaviour - It is anything that a person says or does - Getting an A in a course and losing weight are products of behaviour - Overt behaviours o Visible behaviour o Can be observed and recorded by an individual other than the one performing the behaviour - Covert Behaviour o Private or internal o These are activities that cannot be observed by others o These are not behaviours done in private nor are they secretive actions o These are activities that occur within ones skin and therefore require special instrument for others to observe o For example, measuring someones heart rate before skating - Private self talk o Sometimes when we think and talk in private o Referred to as overt behaviour
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