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Chapter 24


Course Code
Zachariah Campbell

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Chapter 24- Fear and Anxiety Reduction Procedures
- fear- occurs when a stimulus situation elicits
autonomic nervous system arousal and the individual
engages in behaviour to avoid or escape from the
stimulus situation
- anxiety- respondent behaviour involving the
activation of the autonomic nervous system (rapid
heart rate, shallow rapid breathing, increased muscle
tension). Typically, some event functions as a
conditioned stimulus.
- Both operant and respondent behaviours re involved
in the problem
- Relaxation training procedures- strategies that
people use to decrease the autonomic arousal that
they experience as a component of fear and anxiety
- Progressive muscle relaxation- the person
systematically tenses and relaxes each of the major
muscle groups in the body
- tensing and relaxing the muscles leaves them
more relaxed than in their initial state
- diaphragmatic breathing helps decrease anxiety
- attention focusing exercises- produce relation by
directing attention to a neutral or pleasant stimulus to
remove the person’s attention from the anxiety-
producing stimulus
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