Chapter 25: Cognitive Behaviour Modification
Behavior modification, began to emerge in the 1950s and 1960s.
•Publications that described an alternative approach to therapy called cognitive therapy,
appeared in the in the 1970s
•Word cognition means belief, thought, expectancy, attitude, or perception.
•Accordingly, cognitive therapists regard their approach to be primarily that of helping a
client overcome his or her difficulties by getting rid of unproductive, debilitating thoughts
or beliefs and adopting more constructive ones.
•Cognitive therapists , in turn have adopted some behavior modification methods.
•Cognitive behavior modification-cognitive behavior therapy
•Criterion for judging the effectiveness of any treatment is the amount of measurable
improvement that occurs in the clients behavior
•Stephen Hayes referred to early behavior modification as the first wave of behavior
therapy, and to cognitive behavior modification as the second wave.
•Hayes also described what he referred to as the third wave of behavior therapy—
therapeutic approaches that incorporate concepts of mindfulness , acceptance and values
into the cognitive behavioral tradition
•Cognitive behavior modification into 3 categories:
•1/ treatments that emphasize cognitive restructuring to decrease maladaptive thoughts that
are assumed to cause troublesome emotions
•2/self directed strategies to enhance overt coping skills
•3/ treatments that include mindfulness , acceptance, and values, as important components
•Some cognitive therapists believe that faulty thinking is the cause of emotional and
behavioral problems, and the primary focus of their approach to therapy is to change
•Strategies for doing so are referred to as: COGNITIVE RESTRUCTURING
BECKS COGNITIVE THERAPY