Chapter 2 Book Notes

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Published on 23 Feb 2011
School
UTSC
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB45H3
Chapter 2: Observation and Recording behavior
One of the most important things to behavior modification is to measure the
behavior that is targeted for change.
Behavioral assessment:
It is the measurement of the target behavior
There are two types of assessments:
1.Indirect assessment:
oInvolves using interviews, questionnaires and rating scales to obtain
information on the target behavior from the person exhibiting the behavior or
from others.
2.Direct assessment
o A person observes and records the target behavior as it occurs.
Direct assessment is more accurate than indirect assessment because in direct the person
is trained to look for a particular behavior.
Steps needed for behavior recording plan:
1.Defining the target behavior
2. Determining the logistics of recording
3. Choosing a recording method
4. Choosing a recording instrument.
Defining the target:
When defining the target you need to have IOR:
Interobserver reliability:
When two or more people independently observe the same behavior and both record
that their behavior occurred. It is IOR.
The logistics of recording:
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Chapter 2: Observation and Recording behavior
The observer:
Usually the observer is a person other than the one exhibiting the behavior (ex.
psychologist)
They must be in close proximity to the person with the behavior
In some cases , people are asked to record themselves
Self-monitoring:
o When client observes and records his or her own target behavior.
When and where to record:
Observation period:
The observer records the target behavior in a specific period.
Natural setting:
Consists of the places in which the target behavior typically occurs.
Contrived setting
Observing a target behavior in a clinic playroom.
Its usually not part of a childs normal daily routine.
Observation of target behavior can be structured or unstructured.
Structured observation:
When it is structured the observer arranges for specific events or activities to occur
during the observation period.
Unstructured observation:
When no specific events, activities or instruction are given during the observation
period.
Choosing a recording method
There are many ways to record behavior here are some:
1)Continuous reading:
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Document Summary

Chapter 2: observation and recording behavior: one of the most important things to behavior modification is to measure the behavior that is targeted for change. It is the measurement of the target behavior. Direct assessment is more accurate than indirect assessment because in direct the person is trained to look for a particular behavior. Steps needed for behavior recording plan: defining the target behavior. When defining the target you need to have ior: Interobserver reliability: when two or more people independently observe the same behavior and both record that their behavior occurred. The observer: usually the observer is a person other than the one exhibiting the behavior (ex. psychologist, they must be in close proximity to the person with the behavior. In some cases , people are asked to record themselves: self-monitoring, when client observes and records his or her own target behavior. The observer records the target behavior in a specific period.