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Chapter 11
Chaining
Behavioral chain a complex behavior consisting of many component
behaviors that occur together in a sequence
Analyzing Stimulus-Response Chains
Each behavioral chain consists of a number of individual stimulus-
response components that occur together in a sequence
For this reason, a behavioral chain is often called a stimulus-
response chain
Each behavior or response in the chain produces a stimulus change
that acts as an SD for the next response in the chain
A behavioral chain continues only if the last response in the chain
results in a reinforcing consequence (ex. Pg.228)
Each subsequent response in the chain occurs because the previous
response created the SD that has stimulus control over that response
Make the outcome of the chain more reinforcing by means of an
establishing operation
Task Analysis
Def the process of analyzing a behavioral chain by breaking it down
into its individual stimulus-response components
First step is to identify all the behaviors that are necessary to perform
the task and write then down in order
Next, identify the SD associated with each behavior in the task
Task analysis can be conducted in various ways:
(1) Observe a person engage in the task and record each of the
stimulus-response components
(2) Ask a person who performs the task well (an expert) to explain all
the components in the task
(3) Perform the task yourself and record the sequence of responses in
the task the best option
May have to revise initial task analysis (break down some behaviors or
combine two or more behaviors)
The only way to determine whether you have the correct number of
steps is to determine how well the task analysis works for a particular
learner
Once the task analysis of a complex skill has been developed, the next
step is to choose a strategy for teaching the skill
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Document Summary

Chaining: behavioral chain a complex behavior consisting of many component behaviors that occur together in a sequence. Pg. 228: each subsequent response in the chain occurs because the previous response created the sd that has stimulus control over that response, make the outcome of the chain more reinforcing by means of an establishing operation. for people who have the ability to read. trainer presents learner with a list of the component behaviors in their proper sequence, and the learner uses this list to perform the task correctly. written task analysis must clearly and specifically list every component behavior in the chain. also called textual prompts: picture prompts. take pictures of the outcome of each behavior or of someone engaging in each behavior in the task. learner has to look at the pictures in the proper sequence, and each picture must have stimulus control over the behavior that is depicted: self-instructions.

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